Notice: Global Information Announces Listing on JASDAQ Standard Market of the Tokyo Stock Exchange

Cover Image
Market Research Report

Spectrum - Adaptive Wireless Communications: Technologies, Applications and Markets

Published by PracTel, Inc. Product code 934257
Published Content info 156 Pages
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
Price
Back to Top
Spectrum - Adaptive Wireless Communications: Technologies, Applications and Markets
Published: March 31, 2020 Content info: 156 Pages
Description

Wireless communications is under stress due to a rapid growth of traffic volume and limited available spectrum. This tendency necessitates rational utilization of these frequencies spectrum, which became the most expensive component in wireless networking. Meanwhile, multiple industry studies show that available licensed frequency spectrum is extremely underutilized. The relatively low utilization of the licensed spectrum suggests that spectrum scarcity, as perceived today, is largely due to inefficient fixed frequency allocations rather than any physical shortage of spectrum.

The report analyzes modern communications technologies based on Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio (CR/SDR) that allow adaptive use of the spectrum in accordance to instantaneous space/time coordinates. The CR technology is heavily dependent upon the SDR technology as radio needs to be configurable according to the prevailing spectrum environment.

Current technologies for dynamic spectrum access largely rely on database-managed approaches. Standards are also emerging that incorporate cognitive elements, where devices can adapt their operating parameters in conjunction with a centralized database. Autonomous cognitive capabilities through sensing techniques at the device level would, where feasible, offer far greater flexibility for future sharing, These emerging techniques could be used within a number of bands across the radio spectrum to deliver different types of wireless service, and could play a role in making more efficient use of spectrum by improving channel throughput within shared operating environments.

Related to CR/SDR standards and markets are subjects of this report research. As an example, one of the first commercial CR/SDR application - TV White Space (TVWS) communications - is being discussed. The survey of multiple vendors' portfolios was conducted.

  • 1. The CR/SDR technologies, applications, the industry and markets analyses have been performed to show roots of TVWS communications.
  • 2. TVWS communications origin, properties, regulations, standards and the industry have been analyzed.

The report concludes that development of CR/SDR for WS and particular TVWS communications opens a door to utilization previously unused windows of wireless spectrum saving valuable resources and contributing into growth of the economy.

This report, in particular, provides:

CR/SDR-

  • An overview of the regulatory climate for CR/SDR in major developed countries.
  • The analysis of the CR/SDR standardization process
  • An overview CR/SDR technologies specifics
  • The analysis of CR/SDR applications, including military, Public Safety Communications, and commercial
  • The analysis of market drivers from perspective of various industries and users groups
  • Analyses of CR/SDR global market trends
  • Market intelligence on SDR based solutions in the commercial, government, and military industry segments.
  • Market geographical specifics
  • Estimate of major market components
  • Information on key suppliers of CR/SDR products and their profiles.

TVWS-

  • Overview of TVWS developmental cycles
  • Analysis of the regulatory climate: FCC, Ofcom, other
  • Use cases
  • Standardization: IEEE, ETSI, ECMA, IETF
  • Survey of the industry
  • Marketing considerations

Patents Survey - related to the discussed technologies.

Though the focus of the report is public safety applications, majority of findings relate to a wider spectrum of use cases (communications and localization) in the indoor environments for multiple commercial applications.

The report is written for a wide audience of researches, engineers and managers that are involved in the development and utilization of cognitive radios and related technologies.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1Traffic Growth: M2M/IoT and 5G Era
  • 1.2 Price of Spectrum
  • 1.3 Methods
  • 1.4 Working Together
  • 1.5 Scope
  • 1.6 Research Methodology
  • 1.7 Target Audience
  • v2.0 Synergy: Software Defined and Cognitive Radios
  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 Purpose
  • 2.3 Definitions (WIF, FCC, ITU)
    • 2.3.1 SDR
      • 2.3.1.1 Multi-tiers: SDR
    • 2.3.2 Cognitive Radio
      • 2.3.2.1 Details
  • 2.4 Regulations
    • 2.4.1 FCC
      • 2.4.1.1 Equipment Type
      • 2.4.1.2 Process
      • 2.4.1.3 Application Guide
      • 2.4.1.4 First Approval
    • 2.4.2 ITU
    • 2.4.3 Ofcom
  • 2.5 Standardization Organizations Efforts
    • 2.5.1 ITU-R
    • 2.5.2 ETSI
      • 2.5.2.1 Major Points
    • 2.5.3 3GPP
    • 2.5.4 IEEE
    • 2.5.5 NASA
  • 2.6 Design Issues
  • 2.7 Properties
    • 2.7.1 Layers
    • 2.7.2 Features: Details
      • 2.7.2.1 Versatility
    • 2.7.3 Issues
  • 2.8 SDR Implementations
  • 2.9 Applications
    • 2.9.1 Commercial
    • 2.9.2 CR/SDR in Military
      • 2.9.2.1 SCA
        • 2.9.2.1.1 ESSOR: European Secure SOftware Defined Radio
    • 2.9.3 Public Safety Communications (PSC)
  • 2.10 SDR/CR: Benefits
  • 2.11 Impact - CR
    • 2.11.1 Geographical Differences
  • 2.12 Market
    • 2.12.1 Landscape
      • 2.12.1.1 Factors
    • 2.12.2 Cost
    • 2.12.3 Different Perspective
    • 2.12.4 Market Drivers-Summary
    • 2.12.5 Market Forecast
      • 2.12.5.1 Model Assumptions
      • 2.12.5.2 Estimate
      • 2.12.5.3 Segments
      • 2.12.5.4 Geography
      • 2.12.5.5 Components
  • 2.13 Industry
    • AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)
    • AirSpan (BS)
    • Airbus DS
    • BAE Systems
    • Carlson Wireless (Platform)
    • General Dynamics (SDR)
    • Datron World Communications (SDR)
    • DeepSig
    • Digital Receiver Technology (Radio Modules)
    • Elbit
    • Ettus Research-NI (Platform)
    • Etherstack (Software)
    • Ericsson (BS)
    • Green Hills (Software)
    • Huawei (Platform)
    • Intel (Platform)
    • L3Harris (SDR)
    • Lockheed Martin (SDR)
    • Motorola Solutions (BS)
    • Nokia (Base Station)
    • Northrup Grumman
    • Nutaq (DSP and FPGA development solutions)
    • Objective Interface Systems (Software)
    • Octasic (SDR)
    • Redline Communications (Platform)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Saankhya Labs (Chipset)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (Chips)
    • Xilinx (Chips, SDR Development Kit)
  • 2.14 Example: CR/SDR Commercial Application: White Spaces Communications
    • 2.14.1 General
    • 2.14.2 Definition: TVWS
    • 2.14.3 Roots
    • 2.14.4 FCC Activity
      • 2.14.4.1 Decision
      • 2.14.4.2 Devices
      • 2.14.4.3 Clarifications
      • 2.14.4.4 Sensing
      • 2.14.4.5 Specifics
        • 2.14.4.5.1 Protection
        • 2.14.4.5.2 Frequencies
        • 2.14.4.5.3 TVWS Database (U.S.)
        • 2.14.4.5.4 Related FCC Decisions
          • 2.14.4.5.4.1 Recent Developments
    • 2.14.5 Industry Activity - Microsoft and Other
    • 2.14.6 Japanese WSC
    • 2.14.7 Global WSC Development
    • 2.14.8 Ecosystem and Use Cases
    • 2.14.9 WS Communications Standardization
      • 2.14.9.1 WS Alliance
        • 2.14.9.1.1 Wi-FAR
          • 2.14.9.1.1.1 First TVWS Chipset
        • 2.14.9.1.2 WSAConnect
      • 2.14.9.2 Wireless Innovation Forum (WIF)
      • 2.14.9.3 Cognitive Radio: WS-related IEEE Standards
        • 2.14.9.3.1 IEEE 802.11af - 2013
          • 2.14.9.3.1.1 General: Expectations - Wi-Fi on Steroids
          • 2.14.9.3.1.2 Differences
          • 2.14.9.3.1.3 Benefits
          • 2.14.9.3.1.4 Specifics
          • 2.14.9.3.1.5 Building Blocks
          • 2.14.9.3.1.6 PHY
          • 2.14.9.3.1.7 Summary
        • 2.14.9.3.2 IEEE 802.22 - 2011
          • 2.14.9.3.2.1 General
          • 2.14.9.3.2.2 WG 802.22 and FCC
          • 2.14.9.3.2.3 Overview
          • 2.14.9.3.2.4 Physical Layer - Major Characteristics
          • 2.14.9.3.2.5 Cognitive Functions and MAC
        • 2.14.9.3.3 IEEE 802.22.1
        • 2.14.9.3.4 IEEE 802.22.2
        • 2.14.9.3.5 IEEE 802.22a-2014
        • 2.14.9.3.6 802.22b-2015
        • 2.14.9.3.7 P802.22.3
        • 2.14.9.3.8 Summary-IEEE802.22
        • 2.14.9.3.9 IEEE 802.19 WG
          • 2.14.9.3.9.1 IEEE 802.19.1-2014
          • 2.14.9.3.9.2 IEEE 802.19.1-2018
        • 2.14.9.3.10 IEEE 802.15.4m-2014
        • 2.14.9.3.11 IEEE SCC 41 - DySpan SCC - WS Related
          • 2.14.9.3.11.1 IEEE 1900.4
          • 2.14.9.3.11.2 1900.7
      • 2.14.9.4 CogNeA and ECMA Activity
        • 2.14.9.4.1 CogNeA
        • 2.14.9.4.2 ECMA-392-2011
      • 2.14.9.5 IETF-PAWS
      • 2.14.9.6 ETSI
      • 2.14.9.7 Weightless Protocol
        • 2.14.9.7.1 Weightless Communications
        • 2.14.9.7.2 SIG
        • 2.14.9.7.3 Weightless-W
        • 2.14.9.7.4 Changes
  • 2.15 Industry
    • 6harmonics
    • Adaptrum
    • ATDI
    • Aviacomm
    • Carlson Wireless
    • KTS Wireless
    • Redline Communications
    • Shared Spectrum Company
    • Sinecom
    • Saankhya Labs
  • 2.16 Market

3.0 Conclusions

ATTACHMENT I: Survey: WS-related Patents (2017-2020)

ATTACHMENT II: Detection and Incumbent Protection - TVWS

ATTACHMENT III: Survey: CR-related Patents (2017-2020)

ATTACHMENT IV: Survey: 802.11af-related Patents (2017-2020)

ATTACHMENT V: Survey: 802.22-related Patents (2017-2020)

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Global: Mobile Data Traffic Growth (Petabytes/Month)
  • Figure 2: Estimate: Average Mobile Subscriber Use of Data (GB/Month)
  • Figure 3: Estimate: Number of M2M Connections - Global (Bil.)
  • Figure 4: Layers
  • Figure 5: Conceptual View - SDR/CR
  • Figure 6: Reconfigurable BS
  • Figure 7: ETSI SDR: Functional Architecture
  • Figure 8: SDR and OSI Reference Model
  • Figure 9: CR - Cell Network
  • Figure 10: PSC Specifics
  • Figure 11: Global Sales: SDR-based Equipment ($B)
  • Figure 12: SDR/CR Market Segments
  • Figure 13: CR/SDR Market Geography (2019)
  • Figure 14: Components (2019)
  • Figure 15: Spectrum Usage Measurements (from NSF Spectrum Occupancy Measurements
  • Figure 16: TVWS Channels: U.S.
  • Figure 17: UK TVWS- Spectrum
  • Figure 18: Device Interoperability Specification Items
  • Figure 19: Comparison - WRANs
  • Figure 20: Architecture: 802.19.1
  • Figure 21: TVWS Market Structure

List of Tables

  • Table 1: SDR Tiers
  • Table 2: CR Features
  • Table 3: U.S. - PSC Users
  • Table 4: SDR Market Drivers
  • Table 5: TV Channels: WS Frequencies Allowed by FCC
  • Table 6: TV Channels and Fixed TVBDs: U.S.
  • Table 7: Database Status (2014)
  • Table 8: IEEE WS-related Standards: Examples
  • Table 9: Use Cases - 802.22b
  • Table 10: Major Characteristics: IEEE 802.22
  • Table 11: Iceni Characteristics
Back to Top