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Market Research Report

5G Broadband Networks: Wireline Access - Technologies, Markets and Standardization

Published by PracTel, Inc. Product code 940102
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5G Broadband Networks: Wireline Access - Technologies, Markets and Standardization
Published: June 4, 2020 Content info: 161 Pages
Description

This report updates the status on wireline broadband access technologies, their markets, applications and industries as they relate to the 5G development.

Wireline broadband access technologies are playing an important role in today networks- cable accounts for 60% of the U.S. fixed broadband market; and 55%-65% of local loops are still on copper wire. However, until recently, technical and economic problems with such access did not allow effective use of a broadband pipe from a core to a subscriber side, minimizing a value of broadband communications.

The problems have been known for a long time, but absence of a cost-effective technology in the distribution plant prevented making any practical improvements. The specifics of access, such as the necessity to create highly distributed infrastructure and the price to support access service always contradicted each other. The situation changed with appearance Passive Optical Networks, their various modifications and progress in architecting of high-speed DSL, such as vectoring DSL.

The goal of this report is to address current and near-term advances in wireline broadband access networks that are transforming them into broadband pipes with characteristics similar to characteristics of the core networks. Particular, the report concentrates on the analysis technologies and markets for the following access architectures:

  • Passive Optical Networks - standardized or planning to be standardized by the IEEE and ITU-FSAN. Evolving PONs will allow transmission up to 100 Gb/s (shared).
  • New generations DSL - in the development and standardization by the ITU and the industry, including vectoring and G.fast. The technologies may support short reaches connectivity on the existing copper structures with speeds more than 1 Gb/s (non-shared).
  • RFoG - technology that allows efficient use of fiber combined with a short coaxial path to the user, allowing to reach gigabit per second speed and improving the economics of broadband access.

The report shows that the copper infrastructure continues to play an important role for connecting last hundreds meters from/to a subscriber equipment with the rest of the network. Advanced gigabit speed access technologies, such as DSL (G.fast, VDSL2-vec), are key in creating a homogenous and cost efficient core-access infrastructure. For example, in 2017, AT&T has begun rolling out G.fast-based services in 22 metro markets across the United States, signaling the service provider's desire to extend higher speed wireline broadband services in premises where it can't make a business case for all fiber.

PONs provide cost-efficient connectivity of the core with subscriber's equipment, supporting required by users characteristics, such as speed of transmission and other. Currently, service providers have three major next-generation FSAN PON paths: 10G-PON, XGS-PON and NG-PON2. Verizon, for example, plans to move directly to NG-PON2.

The IEEE NG-EPON standard 802.3ca, which promises the 100 Gb/s speed, planned to be finalized by 2020.

The report also stresses an important trend in the broadband wireline access: utilization of multi-functional platforms that allow flexibility and cost efficiency to serve a diversified group of users required different technologies.

The standardization processes are analyzed in details. Marketing statistics have been developed (2020-2024). The report also presents detailed surveys of companies that are working in the related industries and their products portfolios. Attachments contain the survey of recently approved patents related to the report subject.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, managerial and sales staff involved in the development wireline broadband access networks.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. Issue
  • 1.2. Changes
    • 1.2.1. Geography
    • 1.2.2. 5G Necessity
  • 1.3. PON Appearance
  • 1.4. DSL Developments
  • 1.5. RFoG
  • 1.6. Scope
  • 1.7. Research Methodology
  • 1.8. Target Audience

2.0. PON: Today and Tomorrow

  • 2.1. Concept
    • 2.1.1. PON Benefits
    • 2.1.2. PON Proposition
    • 2.1.3. Details
    • 2.1.4. PON Classification
    • 2.1.5. PON Elements
      • 2.1.5.1. Optical Line Termination (OLT)
        • 2.1.5.1.1. PON Core Shell
        • 2.1.5.1.2. Cross-connect Shell
        • 2.1.5.1.3. Service Shell
        • 2.1.5.1.4. OLT Responsibilities
          • 2.1.5.1.4.1. Bandwidth Allocation
          • 2.1.5.1.4.2. Grant Mechanism
          • 2.1.5.1.4.3. Capture Effect
          • 2.1.5.1.4.4. Ranging
          • 2.1.5.1.4.5. Burst Mode Transceiver
      • 2.1.5.2. Optical Network Unit (ONU)
      • 2.1.5.3. Optical Distribution Network (ODN)
    • 2.1.6. PON Evolution Path
  • 2.2. PON: ITU-FSAN Family
    • 2.2.1. Beginning-A/B-PON-G.983.x
    • 2.2.2. G-PON-G.984.x
    • 2.2.3. XG-PON-G.987x
    • 2.2.4. NG-PON2-G.989x
      • 2.2.4.1. Project
      • 2.2.4.2. NG-PON2-General
      • 2.2.4.3. Major Properties
      • 2.2.4.4. Characteristics
        • 2.2.4.4.1. Support
        • 2.2.4.4.2. Rates and Reaches
        • 2.2.4.4.3. Combinations
      • 2.2.4.5. Services
      • 2.2.4.6. Capacity
      • 2.2.4.7. Spectrum Allocation
      • 2.2.4.8. Line Rate Summary
    • 2.2.5. XGS-PON
    • 2.2.6. Plans
  • 2.3. PON: IEEE Family
    • 2.3.1. 802.3ah-GE-PON
    • 2.3.2. 802.3av- 10GE-PON
      • 2.3.2.1. Goal
      • 2.3.2.2. Status
      • 2.3.2.3. Standard's Scope and Objectives
      • 2.3.2.4. 10GE-PON Technology Specifics
        • 2.3.2.4.1. Inheritance
        • 2.3.2.4.2. Properties
        • 2.3.2.4.3. Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation
      • 2.3.2.5. 10GE-PON: Drivers and Target Applications
    • 2.3.3. IEEE P802.3ca PON
  • 2.4. PON Market
    • 2.4.1. PON Commercialized
    • 2.4.2. Factor
    • 2.4.3. Services
    • 2.4.4. Market Estimate
      • 2.4.4.1. Equipment Sales
      • 2.4.4.2. Market Geography
      • 2.4.4.3. Service Providers Revenue
  • 2.5. Industry
    • Ad-net
    • Adtran
    • Alphion
    • Broadcom
    • Calix
    • Cisco
    • Corecess
    • GigaLight
    • Hisense
    • Huawei
    • Marvell
    • Mitsubishi Electric
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • PBN
    • Qualcomm Atheros
    • Raisecom
    • Source Photonics
    • Sumitomo Electric Networks
    • Tellabs

3.0. DSL Evolution

  • 3.1. Developments
    • 3.1.1. Statistics
  • 3.2. DSL Family
    • 3.2.1. ADSL
    • 3.2.2. R-ADSL
    • 3.2.3. HDSL
    • 3.2.4. IDSL
    • 3.2.5. VDSL
    • 3.2.6. SDSL
    • 3.2.7. Summary
  • 3.3. Vectored DSL-G.993.5
    • 3.3.1. Scope
    • 3.3.2. Details
      • 3.3.2.1. Summary
      • 3.3.2.2. Broadband Forum Contributions
    • 3.3.3. Market
    • 3.3.4. Vendors
      • Adtran
      • Assia
      • Broadcom
      • Calix
      • Huawei
      • Intel/Lantiq
      • Nokia
      • Siligence
      • Zyxel
      • ZTE
  • 3.4. G.fast
    • 3.4.1. Standards
      • 3.4.1.1. Broadband Forum -G.fast
    • 3.4.2. Improvements over Vectoring
    • 3.4.3. Models-FTTdp
    • 3.4.4. Major Characteristics
    • 3.4.5. Testing and Trialing
    • 3.4.6. Further Developments
      • 3.4.6.1. G.mgfast
      • 3.4.6.2. Waveguide over Copper
    • 3.4.7. Industry
      • Adtran
      • Arris (Commscope)
      • Broadcom
      • Calix
      • Cisco
      • Dasan Networks
      • Huawei
      • Metanoia
      • Nokia
      • Qualcomm/Ikonos
      • Sagemcom
      • Sckipio
      • XAVi
      • Zinwell
    • 3.4.8. Market

4.0. RFoG Development

  • 4.1. Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) Technology
  • 4.2. RFoG Solution
    • 4.2.1. General
    • 4.2.2. Standardization
      • 4.2.2.1. Process
      • 4.2.2.2. Details
        • 4.2.2.2.1. ANSI/SCTE 174 2010
        • 4.2.2.2.2. Summary
        • 4.2.2.2.3. IEC
      • 4.2.2.3. Industry Needs
      • 4.2.2.4. Target
  • 4.3. Similarities and Differences (HFC and RFoG)
  • 4.4. RFoG Major Benefits and Issues
  • 4.5. Future Extensions-RF-PON
  • 4.6. Market Estimate
    • 4.6.1. Need
    • 4.6.2. Forecast
      • 4.7. RFoG Industry
      • Adtran
      • Arris (Commscope)
      • BKtel
      • Calix
      • Cisco
      • CTDI
      • Electroline
      • Multicom
      • PBN
      • PCT

5.0. Conclusions

Attachment 1: Vectoring DSL-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

Attachment 2: NG-PON2-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

Attachment 3: RFoG-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

Attachment 4: G.fast-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: PON Reference Model
  • Figure 2: PON Details
  • Figure 3: PON Architecture Example
  • Figure 4: OLT Functional Block Diagram
  • Figure 5: ONU Functional Block Diagram
  • Figure 6: PON Evolution Path
  • Figure 7: FSAN Roadmap
  • Figure 8: Details
  • Figure 9: B-PON Frequency Arrangements
  • Figure 10: ITU Process
  • Figure 11: Functional Diagram - G.989 System
  • Figure 12: NG-PON2 Frequency Plan
  • Figure 13: XGS-PON
  • Figure 14: GE-PON - 10GE-PON Scenario
  • Figure 15: GE/10GE-PON Spectrum Allocation
  • Figure 16: 802.3ca Time Schedule
  • Figure 17: Price vs Wired Houses %
  • Figure 18: Estimate-PON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 19: Estimate-PON ONUs Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 20: Estimate - xGPON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 21: PON Technology Geography - Major Regions (2019)
  • Figure 22: PON U.S. Providers (2019)
  • Figure 23: Estimate: U.S. PON Service Providers Revenue ($B)
  • Figure 24: Market Share (%) - Major Wireline Broadband Access Technologies (2019)
  • Figure 25: FEXT Illustration
  • Figure 26: Reference Model - Vectored System (ITU Rec. G.993.5)
  • Figure 27: Vectored DSL - Characteristics Improvement
  • Figure 28: Vectored DSL Channel
  • Figure 29: Estimate: Premises Passed -VDSL2 - Global (Mil.)
  • Figure 30: Estimate: Global Shipments of Vectored VDSL2 Ports (Mil. units)
  • Figure 31: DPU - Illustration
  • Figure 32: G.fast Illustration
  • Figure 33: Illustration - G.fast Link Arrangements
  • Figure 34: Estimate: G.fast Market Worth-Global ($B)
  • Figure 35: HFC Frequencies Assignment Illustration
  • Figure 36: RFoG Reference Architecture
  • Figure 37: R-ONU Block Diagrams
  • Figure 38: HFC and RFoG Illustration
  • Figure 39: Illustration: PON Overlay
  • Figure 40: Comparative Characteristics
  • Figure 41: Estimate: Global - RFoG Market Size ($B)
  • Figure 42: Estimate: Global - RFoG Service Providers Revenue ($B)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: G-PON Transmission Rates
  • Table 2: G.987 Family
  • Table 3: NG-PON2 - Line Rates
  • Table 4: EFM Signaling Schemes
  • Table 5: Interfaces - 10GE PON
  • Table 6: PONs Compared
  • Table 7: PON Service Scenarios
  • Table 8: DSL Family Evolution
  • Table 9: ADSL Characteristics
  • Table 10: Parameters
  • Table 11: Bandwidth
  • Table 12: Comparison - VDSL2 and G.fast
  • Table 13: Waveguide over Copper
  • Table 14: Optical Budget
  • Table 15: Downstream Transmission
  • Table 16: Frequency Plans
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