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Market Research Report
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1040885

5G: The Greatest Show on Earth - Volume 20, Crossing the Finish Line (5G NR Benchmark Study, Performance Analysis of the Elisa 5G NR Network)

Published: | Signals Research Group | 65 Pages | Delivery time: 1-2 business days

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5G: The Greatest Show on Earth - Volume 20, Crossing the Finish Line (5G NR Benchmark Study, Performance Analysis of the Elisa 5G NR Network)
Published: November 23, 2021
Signals Research Group
Content info: 65 Pages
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
  • Description
  • Table of Contents

SRG just completed its 20th 5G NR benchmark study. For this endeavor we conducted a performance analysis of the Elisa 5G NR network, which the operator has deployed in Band n78 (3.6 GHz).

Key Highlights from the Study:

  • Our Thanks. We did this study in collaboration with Accuver Americas and Spirent Communications who provided us with their respective test equipment and platforms, which we identify in the report. SRG did all the testing and analysis of the data and we are solely responsible for the commentary in the report.
  • Our Methodology. We used two Asus Snapdragon Insiders smartphones to collect performance metrics. We did drive testing and walking testing, uplink and downlink tests, and used one or two phones in parallel - with the latter we locked one phone to LTE.
  • A few teasers. In our drive test the 5G NR smartphone's throughput, including some contribution from LTE, was more than 4x higher than the LTE phone. We documented that the 5G NR spectral efficiency (bps/Hz) was 1.7x higher than LTE during our drive test. The 5G NR spectral efficiency was even higher in our downtown walk tests.
  • A few more teasers. MIMO Rank 4 and 256QAM had a big influence on throughput. The maximum downlink throughput was nearly 1.4 Gbps, based on one-second time binning of the data.
  • And a few more teasers. 5G NR network coverage in Helsinki was very comparable with LTE, based on a detailed analysis of RSRP and distances to the serving cell site.
  • A few last teasers. We also leveraged earlier results from testing Bn41 to compare coverage with Bn78. Results were surprising and although Bn41 had an advantage with uplink coverage, performance differences can be influenced by vendor settings in the gNB.

Table of Contents

1.0. Executive Summary

2.0. Key Observations

3.0. Downlink Performance Results and Analysis

  • 3.1. An Early Morning Walk Around Downtown Helsinki
  • 3.2. Drive Test with 5G NR and LTE Operating in Parallel
  • 3.3. Drive Test with 5G NR Only

4.0. Uplink Performance Results and Analysis

  • 4.1. Drive Test with 5G NR and LTE Operating in Parallel
  • 4.2. Walk Test Around Downtown Helsinki

5.0. Test Methodology

6.0. Final Thoughts

Index of Figures & Tables

  • Figure 1. Testing Routes in and around Helsinki
  • Figure 2. 5G NR Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 3. EN-DC Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 4. LTE Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 5. Cumulative Distribution of 5G NR and LTE Throughput
  • Figure 6. Cumulative Distribution of 5G NR and LTE Throughput
  • Figure 7. 5G NR Spectral Efficiency
  • Figure 8. Cumulative Distribution of 5G NR RSRP
  • Figure 9. Cumulative Distribution of 5G NR SINR
  • Figure 10. 5G NR PDSCH Throughput Versus RSRP
  • Figure 11. 5G NR PDSCH Throughput Versus SINR
  • Figure 12. Distribution of 5G NR MIMO Rank and Modulation Scheme
  • Figure 13. Average 5G NR Throughput Versus 256QAM Utilization with MIMO Rank Usage Included
  • Figure 14. Average 5G NR Throughput Versus MIMO Rank 3 or MIMO Rank 4 with 256QAM Utilization Included
  • Figure 15. Average 5G NR Throughput Versus MIMO Rank 4 with 256QAM Utilization Included
  • Figure 16. MIMO Rank Usage versus SINR
  • Figure 17. Modulation Scheme Usage versus SINR
  • Figure 18. 5G NR FR1/FR2 and LTE PCI Values with RSRP Time Series
  • Figure 19. 5G NR Serving Cell and Neighbor Cell PCI and RSRP Values Time Series
  • Figure 20. 5G NR FR1 Serving Beam Indices and RSRP Time Series
  • Figure 21. 5G NR FR2 Serving Beam Indices and RSRP Time Series
  • Figure 22. SSB Indices Geo Plot
  • Figure 23. Band n78 to Band n258 Handover
  • Figure 24. Band n258 to Band n78 Handover
  • Figure 25. Band n78 to Band n258 Handover, Part 1
  • Figure 26. Band nn78 to Band n258 Handover, Part 2
  • Figure 27. RSRP versus Distance to Serving Cell
  • Figure 28. SINR versus Distance to Serving Cell
  • Figure 29. 5G NR-enabled Phone 5G NR Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 30. 5G NR-enabled Phone 5G NR + LTE Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 31. LTE-enabled Phone Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 32. Cumulative Distribution of 5G-enabled Smartphone Throughput - all data points
  • Figure 33. Cumulative Distribution of 5G-enabled Smartphone Throughput - measurable 5G NR throughput only
  • Figure 34. Cumulative Distribution of LTE-enabled Smartphone Throughput - all data points
  • Figure 35. Cumulative Distribution of LTE-enabled Smartphone Throughput - measurable LTE throughput only
  • Figure 36. 5G NR and LTE Spectral Efficiency
  • Figure 37. Cumulative Distribution of 5G-enabled Smartphone Reported 5G NR and LTE RSRP Values
  • Figure 38. Cumulative Distribution of 5G-enabled Smartphone Reported 5G NR and LTE SINR Values
  • Figure 39. 5G NR and LTE Serving Cell PCI and RSRP Values, I
  • Figure 40. 5G NR and LTE Serving Cell PCI and RSRP Values, II
  • Figure 41. 5G NR Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 42. EN-DC Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 43. LTE Throughput Geo Plot
  • Figure 44. Cumulative Distribution of 5G NR Throughput - all data points
  • Figure 45. Average LTE and 5G NR Usage - by frequency band
  • Figure 46. Cumulative Distribution of LTE and 5G NR RSRP - by frequency band
  • Figure 47. Cumulative Distribution 5G NR SINR
  • Figure 48. 5G NR PDSCH Throughput versus RSRP
  • Figure 49. 5G NR PDSCH Throughput versus SINR
  • Figure 50. Modulation Scheme Utilization versus SINR
  • Figure 51. MIMO Rank Scheme Utilization versus SINR
  • Figure 52. Distribution of MIMO Rank and Modulation Schemes
  • Figure 53. Average 5G NR Throughput Versus 256QAM Utilization with MIMO Rank Usage Included
  • Figure 54. Average 5G NR Throughput Versus MIMO Rank 3 or MIMO Rank 4 with 256QAM Utilization Included
  • Figure 55. Average 5G NR Throughput Versus MIMO Rank 4 with 256QAM Utilization Included
  • Figure 56. 5G NR versus LTE Uplink Drive Route Geo Plot
  • Figure 57. Cumulative Distribution of 5G-enabled and LTE-enabled Smartphone Throughput - all data points
  • Figure 58. Cumulative Distribution of 5G-enabled and LTE-enabled Smartphone Throughput - measurable 5G NR throughput only
  • Figure 59. Cumulative Distribution of 5G-enabled Smartphone Band n78 and Band 3 RSRP
  • Figure 60. Transmit Power and Uplink RBs Utilization versus RSRP
  • Figure 61. Transmit Power and UL-256QAM Utilization versus RSRP
  • Figure 62. Uplink Throughput and Uplink RBs versus RSRP, I
  • Figure 63. Uplink Transmit Power and Uplink RBs versus RSRP, II
  • Figure 64. 5G NR and LTE Serving PCI and RSRP Time Series
  • Figure 65. 5G NR and LTE Serving PCI Geo Plot
  • Figure 66. Uplink MCS versus Distance
  • Figure 67. 5G NR Serving Cell PCI Values Geo Plot
  • Figure 68. LTE Serving Cell PCI Values Geo Plot
  • Figure 69. Cumulative Distribution of Uplink Throughput
  • Figure 70. Cumulative Distribution of Uplink Throughput, II
  • Figure 71. Cumulative Distribution of 5G NR and LTE RSRP
  • Figure 72. Distribution of Uplink Modulation Schemes
  • Figure 73. 5G NR and LTE Uplink Spectral Efficiency
  • Figure 74. XCAL-M in Action
  • Figure 75. XCAL-Solo Hardware
  • Figure 76. Umetrix Data Architecture