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5G: The Greatest Show on Earth - Volume 15, It's a Different Kind of Animal (5G Benchmark Study, with a Focus on mmWave Fixed Wireless Access [FWA])

Published by Signals Research Group Product code 976177
Published Content info 67 Pages
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5G: The Greatest Show on Earth - Volume 15, It's a Different Kind of Animal (5G Benchmark Study, with a Focus on mmWave Fixed Wireless Access [FWA])
Published: December 14, 2020 Content info: 67 Pages
Description

SRG just completed its fifteenth 5G benchmark study, this time with a focus on mmWave Fixed Wireless Access (FWA), based on testing we did with a high-power CPE in Verizon's networks in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota.

Highlights of the Report include the following:

  • Our Thanks. We did this study in collaboration with Accuver Americas and Spirent Communications who provided us with their respective test equipment and platforms, which we identify in the report. SRG did all the testing and analysis of the data and we are solely responsible for the commentary in the report.
  • Our Methodology. We conducted stationary tests at more than 50 locations in the Twin Cities using the high-power Wistron NeWeb Corporation LRV5-100 CPE with the Qualcomm QTM527 mmWave antenna module. SRG selected the test areas and the test locations - at many locations we had no knowledge of where the 5G NR cell sites were located.
  • It's a Completely Different Animal. We documented a 25 dB advantage with the high-power CPE compared with a 5G NR smartphone. At most test locations, which involved near- or non-line-of-site conditions, and/or distances frequently between 400 and 800 meters (peak = 1.2 km), the 5G NR smartphone could not even connect to the network while the CPE achieved Gigabit-per-Second speeds - well above the promoted speed of 300 Mbps.
  • More to Come. Software upgrades from suppliers in early 2021 will further increase the effective range of mmWave, which is somewhat restricted today due to downlink/uplink interference which occurs when the distance the signal travels exceeds the capabilities of the existing TDD frame structure, which didn't anticipate the time required to travel these distances. That being said, we believe the benefits of a high-power CPE are equally applicable to achieving high throughput with near- and NLOS conditions in urban and suburban environments.
  • Going beyond eMBB. It is clear to us that we've tested in areas and stumbled upon significant deployments of 5G NR mmWave sites in other states that were solely intended for FWA. There is no reason that mmWave 5G NR can't be used outside of urban and suburban markets for FWA. Mid-band 5G NR will always have the coverage advantage, but the high-power CPE helps level the playing field. The "best spectrum" for FWA will depend on the service offering the operator promotes (speed, data caps, etc.) as well as the population density being served.
  • Availability Disconnect. We know where Verizon has mmWave FWA coverage since we had boots on the ground and test equipment in hand. Unfortunately, Verizon's online tool for determining 5G Home Internet service availability doesn't reflect the coverage we observed. Unless an address shows up in the online database, the service isn't available to the consumer. This issue needs to be addressed.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1.0 Executive Summary

2.0 Key Observations

3.0 Minneapolis Test Results

  • 3.1 PCI 650 Test Locations
    • 3.1.1 Test 1 and Test 2
    • 3.1.2 Test 4F and Test 4R
    • 3.1.3 Test 6
    • 3.1.4 Test 11 Downlink and Uplink
    • 3.1.5 Test 33
  • 3.2 Target Rich Environment
    • 3.2.1 Test 12
    • 3.2.2 Test 13 and Test 24
    • 3.2.3 Test 14 Uplink
    • 3.2.4 Test 16 Downlink and Uplink
    • 3.2.5 Test 17 and Test 18
    • 3.2.6 Test 20 and Test 21
  • 3.3 PCI 682 - PCI 684 Tests
    • 3.3.1 Test 50
    • 3.3.2 Test 51
    • 3.3.3 Test 52
    • 3.3.4 Test 53
    • 3.3.5 Test 54
    • 3.3.6 Test 55
    • 3.3.7 Test 56 and Test 57
    • 3.3.8 Test 58
    • 3.3.9 Test 59

4.0 Saint Paul Test Results

  • 4.1 Summit Avenue - Residential
    • 4.1.1 Test 70
    • 4.1.2 Test 74
    • 4.1.3 Test 75
    • 4.1.4 Test 76
  • 4.2 Across the River - Industrial
    • 4.2.1 Test 82
    • 4.2.2 Test 84
    • 4.2.3 Test 85

5.0 Test Methodology

6.0 Final Thoughts

Index of Figures & Tables

  • Figure 1. Minneapolis Test Area
  • Figure 2. Saint Paul Test Area
  • Figure 3. Smartphone BRSRP versus CPE BRSRP at Select Test Location
  • Figure 4. BRSRP versus Throughput
  • Figure 5. Cell Site Distance versus Throughput
  • Figure 6. Minneapolis Test Locations
  • Figure 7. Additional Minneapolis Test Results
  • Figure 8. PCI 650 Test Locations
  • Figure 9. Test 1 KPIs
  • Figure 10. Test 2 KPIs
  • Figure 11. Test 4F KPIs
  • Figure 12. Test 4R KPIs
  • Figure 13. Test 6 View
  • Figure 14. Test 6 KPIs
  • Figure 15. Test 11 View
  • Figure 16. Test 11 KPIs
  • Figure 17. Test 11 Uplink KPIs
  • Figure 18. Test 33 View
  • Figure 19. Test 33 KPIs
  • Figure 20. Target Rich Environment Test Locations
  • Figure 21. Test 12 View
  • Figure 22. Test 12 KPIs
  • Figure 23. Test 13 View
  • Figure 24. Test 13 KPIs
  • Figure 25. Test 24 View
  • Figure 26. Test 24 KPIs
  • Figure 29. Test 14 View
  • Figure 30. Test 14 KPIs
  • Figure 31. Test 16 View
  • Figure 32. Test 16 KPIs
  • Figure 33. Test 16 Uplink KPIs
  • Figure 34. Test 18 View
  • Figure 35. Test 18 KPIs
  • Figure 36. Test 17 KPIs
  • Figure 37. Test 21 View
  • Figure 38. Test 21 KPIs
  • Figure 39. Test 20 KPIs
  • Figure 40. PCI 682 - PCI 684 Test Locations
  • Figure 41. Test 50 View
  • Figure 42. Test 50 KPIs
  • Figure 43. Test 51 View
  • Figure 44. Test 51 KPIs
  • Figure 45. Test 52 View
  • Figure 46. Test 52 KPIs
  • Figure 47. Test 53 View
  • Figure 48. Test 53 KPIs
  • Figure 49. Test 54 View
  • Figure 50. Test 54 KPIs
  • Figure 51. Test 55 View
  • Figure 52. Test 55 KPIs
  • Figure 53. Test 56 KPIs
  • Figure 54. Test 57 KPIs
  • Figure 55. Test 58 View
  • Figure 56. Test 58 KPIs
  • Figure 57. Test 59 View
  • Figure 58 .Test 59 Downlink Throughput Time Series Plot
  • Figure 59. Test 59 Uplink Throughput Time Series Plot
  • Figure 60. Test 59 Uplink KPIs
  • Figure 61. Saint Paul Test Locations
  • Figure 62. Additional Saint Paul Test Results
  • Figure 63. Summit Avenue Test Locations
  • Figure 64. Summit Avenue Cell Site
  • Figure 65. Test 70 View
  • Figure 66. Test 70 KPIs
  • Figure 67. Test 74 View
  • Figure 68. Test 74 KPIs
  • Figure 69. Test 75 View
  • Figure 70. Test 75 KPIs
  • Figure 71. Test 76 View
  • Figure 72. Test 76 KPIs
  • Figure 73. Across the River Cell Site
  • Figure 74. Test 82 View
  • Figure 75. Test 82 KPIs
  • Figure 76. Test 84 View
  • Figure 77. Test 84 KPIs
  • Figure 78. Test 85 View
  • Figure 79. Test 85 KPIs
  • Figure 80. Test 85 LTE Throughput
  • Figure 81. Test 85 Uplink KPIs
  • Figure 82. Test 85 Downlink Throughput Time Series Plot
  • Figure 83. Test 85 Uplink Throughput Time Series Plot
  • Figure 84. XCAL-M with Smartphone Diagnostics
  • Figure 85. Umetrix Data Architecture
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