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Market Research Report

Heat Metering Report Ed 1 2017

Published by StatPlan Energy Limited Product code 577218
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Heat Metering Report Ed 1 2017
Published: November 9, 2017 Content info:
Description

Heat Metering is demanding, with powerful technical obstacles and cost constraints. The report profiles 28 national Heat Metering Markets, Meter Types and Vendors, and technical factors governing each market. Each market has different characteristics.

Forecasts of Sales of Heat Meters and Heat Cost Allocators in 32 countries, in units and $ value, from 2016 to 2021.

Sales of Heat Meters and Heat Cost Allocators in 32 countries by end-users, 2016.

Each country has different Heat Metering plans; e.g. four of the most advanced Heat-ing markets, already launching 4th Generation District Heating technology are diamet-rically opposed on residential Heat Metering. Denmark and Germany have long had mandatory residential Heat Metering or Cost Allocation, Finland and Sweden have conducted comprehensive studies and their governments have concluded that resi-dential Heat Metering saves little and is not worth the cost.

Countries employ different technologies for Heating and Metering systems. The use of steam or hot water, single/double pipes, vertical or horizontal internal piping deter-mine what Metering devices can or cannot be used. Sometimes Metering and Heat Cost Allocation are not cost efficient. The report outlines the technologies in each country and what Heat Metering or Cost Allocation are used.

Features:

  • Heat Metering Practices in Major Countries
  • Steam and Hot Water
  • Heat Meters and Heat Cost Allocators
  • Installed Base by Country by End-User
  • Heat Meter Sales by Country in Units & Value, 2016 to 2021
  • Heat Cost Allocator Sales by Country in Units & Value, 2016 to 2021
  • Technical Issues, Solutions and Billing Procedures
  • Heat Meter and Heat Cost Allocator Vendors
Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. HEAT SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION

  • Residential use of heat
  • Heat metering/measurement
  • Commercial buildings
  • Industrial use of heat

2. BILLING PRACTICES AND HEAT METERS

  • Billing practices
  • Shares for basic and consumption based cost
  • Methods of calculation of each cost component
  • Collective central heating
  • Apartment level meters or heat cost allocators - allocation methods
  • Types of heat meter
  • Heat metering for steam systems
  • Vortex meters
  • Differential pressure (DP) meters / Pitot tubes
  • Measuring the condensate side
  • Magnetic flow meters - Magmeters
  • Ultrasonic meters
  • Technical issues for apartment level heat meters
  • One pipe system with vertical distribution
  • Two pipe system with vertical distribution
  • One pipe systems with vertical and horizontal distribution
  • How a heat meter works
  • Apartment level heat consumption measurement
  • Heat consumption sub-meters
  • Heat cost allocators (HCA)
  • Evaporative heat cost allocator
  • Electronic heat cost allocator
  • RF heat cost allocator
  • Meter reading
  • Central heating

3. SMART HEAT METERING FOR 4GDH

  • Smart District Heating - the Smart Thermal Grid
  • The first Smart Thermal Grids - Denmark, Sweden, Austria and Germany.
  • The objective of smart DHC
    • 1. Low temperature District Heating
    • 2. District Cooling
    • 3. Renewable energy sources, waste-to energy and surplus heat in DHC systems
    • 4. Smart DHC as an integrated system: CHP, storage, DSM, ICT interactions with networks
  • Optimisation of existing DHC infrastructure
  • Smart DHC research

4. HEAT METER CONSUMPTION

5. HEAT METERING IN THE CIS

  • Vertical piping
  • RUSSIA
    • Heat metering
    • Apartment level heat metering
    • Building level heat metering
    • Metering legislation
    • Certification and type approval
    • Production of heat meters
    • Meter types
    • Russian meter manufacturers
    • Building and industrial heat meters
    • Apartment level heat meters
  • UKRAINE
    • Building level heat meters
    • Apartment level heat meters
    • Option 1. The current metering situation in Ukraine.
    • Option 2. DH with building-level heat meters, but no temperature controls.
    • Option 3. DH with building-level heat meters and rehabilitated group substations (CTPs), with temperature controls at the CTP.
    • Option 4. DH with building-level meters and heat substations (ITPs) of Ukrainian configuration
    • Option 5. DH with building-level heat meters and ITPs of European configuration.
    • Option 5.1. DH with building-level heat meters, ITPs, control temperature for an individual building, and thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs) and heat-cost allocators (HCAs) in each apartment.
    • Option 6. Apartments disconnect from DH system and install an apartment-level gas heater.
    • Ukrainian heat meter manufacturers
  • BELARUS
    • Building level heat meters
    • Apartment level heat meters
  • KAZAKHSTAN
    • Building level heat meters
    • Apartment level heat meters

6. HEAT METERING IN THE BALTICS REPUBLICS

  • ESTONIA
    • Building level heat meters
    • Apartment level heat meters
  • LATVIA
    • Apartment level heat meters
  • LITHUANIA
    • Building level heat meters
    • Apartment level heat meters

7. HEAT METERING IN EASTERN EUROPE

  • The Soviet technical legacy for heat
  • POLAND
    • Building level meters
    • Apartment level meters
    • Heat meter manufacturers
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
    • Building level meters
    • Apartment level meters
    • Heat meter manufacturers
  • HUNGARY
    • Building level meters
    • Apartment level meters
  • ROMANIA
    • Building level meters
    • Apartment level meters
    • Meter manufacturers
  • SLOVAKIA
    • Building level meters
    • Apartment level meters
  • BULGARIA
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
    • Heat meter manufacturers

8. HEAT METERING IN THE NORDIC COUNRIES

  • DENMARK
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
    • Heat meter manufacturers
      • Figure 20: The first heat cost allocator produced by Kemp & Lauritzen in 1917,
  • FINLAND
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
  • GREENLAND
    • Heat metering
  • ICELAND
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
  • NORWAY
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
  • SWEDEN
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
    • Boverket Metering Report
    • Commercial office metering

9. HEAT METERING IN WESTERN EUROPE

  • AUSTRIA
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
  • FRANCE
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
  • GERMANY
    • German tenancy law regarding utilities
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
    • Heat meter manufacturers
    • Metering services
  • ITALY
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
    • Heat meter manufacturers
  • SWITZERLAND
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
    • Heat meter manufacturers
  • UNITED KINGDOM
    • Building level metering
    • Apartment level metering
    • Heat meter manufacturer

10. HEAT METERING IN THE UNITED STATES

  • Heat metering for steam and hot water systems
  • Heat meter manufacturers

11. HEAT METERING IN CHINA

  • Group level and building level metering
  • Apartment level metering
  • Heat meter manufacturers

12. HEAT METERING IN KOREA

  • Building level metering
  • Apartment level metering
  • Heat meter manufacturers

Figures

  • Figure 1: Schematic overview of energy flows from total primary energy supply (TPES) to total final energy use for heat (FEH)
  • Figure 2: Global consumption of heat by end user groups
  • Figure 3: Heat requirement by temperature in different industry sectors
  • Figure 4: Space heat and hot water cost allocation
  • Figure 5: Latent and sensible heat
  • Figure 6: Schematic of a 50 storey tower block with riser pipe after heating
  • Figure 7: One pipe system with vertical distribution
  • Figure 8: Two pipe system with vertical distribution
  • Figure 9: Comparison of vertical connections for radiators with horizontal feeders
  • Figure 10: Components of a heat meter
  • Figure 11: Schematic of a heat energy meter system
  • Figure 12: Radio heat cost allocator system
  • Figure 13: European cities with District Heating systems
  • Figure 14: Sales of heat meters by country in Europe in units, 2016 to 2021
  • Figure 15: Sales of heat meters by country in Europe n $ million, 2016 to 2021
  • Figure 16: Sales of heat meters by country in CIS in units, 2016 to 2021
  • Figure 17: Sales of heat meters by country in CIS in $ million, 2016 to 2021
  • Figure 18: Sales of heat meters by country in China, Korea, Japan and USA in units, 2016 to 2021
  • Figure 19: Sales of heat meters by country in China, Korea, Japan and USA in $ million, 2016 to 2021
  • Figure 20: District heating's share of the residential; heating market
  • Figure 21: The first heat cost allocator produced by Kemp & Lauritzen in 1917,
  • Figure 22: Heat carriers used to heat new homes in Germany.
  • Figure 23: Market share of metering services companies in Germany
  • Figure 24: Chinese heat billing compared with Denmark
  • Figure 25: Demonstration of heat metering/heat cost allocators retrofits in Hubei
  • Figure 26: Chinese heat meter market shares in units, 2015

Tables

  • Table 1: Five themes for smart DHC
  • Table 2: Sales of heat meters all countries in units, 2016 to 2021
  • Table 3: Sales of heat meters all countries in $, 2016 to 2021
  • Table 4: Sales of heat cost allocators all countries in units, 2016 to 2021
  • Table 5: Sales of heat cost allocators all countries in $ million, 2016 to 2021
  • Table 6: Sales of heat meters and heat cost allocators all countries in units, 2016
  • Table 7: Sales of heat meters and heat cost allocators all countries in $, 2016
  • Table 8: Type of meter produced
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