Market Research Report
Water Desalination Equipment Market: Current Analysis and Forecast (2021-2027)
|Water Desalination Equipment Market: Current Analysis and Forecast (2021-2027)|
Published: November 1, 2021
UnivDatos Market Insights Pvt Ltd
Content info: 266 Pages
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
Water Desalination Equipment Market is expected to exceed at a significant CAGR of around 10% during the forecast period (2021-2027). Desalination equipment and desalination machines are used to separate salt from water and reduce its salinity. Desalination is used in the reuse applications of water at facilities which create high salinity water which is often referred to as brine as a by-product of other processes. This treated brine with lower salinity and will then pass through advanced water treatment processes to prepare it for final stages to become drinking water. While desalination systems are becoming a common application throughout the world, certain regions have higher concentrations due to higher water demands. Currently there are up to 18,000 desalination plants that utilize these systems globally, that generate more than 25,000 GPD. Almost half of these desalination machines exist and operate in the Middle East and North Africa. This occurrence is mainly due to the hot and arid climate of these particular regions. There is a growth in desalination systems in that region and it is expected to intensify over the next few decades through United States, Asia, and Latin America. Technological advances in these areas will eventually drive down the percentage of energy needed for water production, which ultimately results in more active desalination systems.
Water covers 71% of the entire earth's surface, out of which only 3% is freshwater that is available for drinking and agriculture purposes. Saving water is critical to ensure the long-term supply for consumption and other applications. 785 million people worldwide lack access to drinking water, and at least 2,000 million people use contaminated drinking water sources, according to UNICEF. According to the United Nations (UN), water consumption has been increasing at 1% annually since the 1980s and a similar growth trend is expected until 2050 which is owing to factors such as rapid population growth, socio-economic development, and changing consumption patterns. By 2030, almost half of the world's population is expected to face water scarcity. The major concern with using RO membranes is the fouling that occurs on the surface of the membrane or its pores. Fouling occurs in both cellulose-based and thin-film composite membranes. Fouling can be of 4 types, namely, biological, scaling, colloidal and organic. Saturation of salts on the surface of the membrane is the main reason for scaling in the desalination plants and fouling also reduces the flux and lifespan of the membrane.
Suez Water Technologies & Solutions, Toray Industries, Inc., Wartsila, Advanced Watertek, LG Chem, Torishima Pump Mfg. Co., Ltd., Koch Separation Solutions, Veolia Water Technologies, Alfa Laval, and Sulzer are some of the prominent players operating in the Water Desalination Equipment market. Several M&As along with partnerships have been undertaken by these players to facilitate customers with hi-tech and innovative products/technologies.
Based on Technology, the Water Desalination Equipment Market is segmented into Reverse Osmosis (RO), Multi Stage Flash Distillation (MSF), Multi Effect Distillation (MED), Hybrid, Electrodialysis (ED), and Others. Seawater RO (SWRO) technology has several advantages over other desalination techniques including high efficiency and selectivity, easy scale up and control, suitability, and flexibility for integrated applications. However, the key drawback of RO technology is its significantly high energy usage than other alternative forms of potable water treatment.
Based on Source, the Water Desalination Equipment Market is segmented into Seawater, Brackish Water, and Others. The ocean makes up 70% of the earth's surface and accounts for 96% of the water on the planet. The scarcity of freshwater resources and the need for additional water supplies is already critical in many arid regions around the world and will be increasingly important in the future.
Based on Product, the Water Desalination Equipment market is segmented into Membranes, Pumps, Evaporators, and Others. Various types of membranes are present for different membrane processes of water purification and desalination including microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF), membrane distillation (MD), ion exchange membranes and forward osmosis (FO). The separation principle in these processes are mainly based on the different sizes of molecules and other objects (MF, UF, and NF), ionic charge of molecules and membrane surface (NF, FO, and RO), hydrophobicity (MD), and electrical polarity (ion exchange membrane).
For a better understanding of the market dynamics of the Water Desalination Equipment market, a detailed analysis was conducted for different regions across India including North America (US, Canada, Rest of North America), Europe (Germany, UK, France, Spain, Italy, Rest of Europe), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Australia, Rest of Asia-Pacific), Middle East (Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, The United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Rest of Middle East), Rest of World. Middle East dominated the market and grabbed major market share in 2020.
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