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Market Research Report
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1037512

The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2022

Published: | Future Markets, Inc. | 382 Pages, 102 Tables, 175 Figures | Delivery time: 1-2 business days

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The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2022
Published: February 22, 2022
Future Markets, Inc.
Content info: 382 Pages, 102 Tables, 175 Figures
Delivery time: 1-2 business days
  • Description
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Tables

Nanocellulose (NC) can be classified into cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofiber (CNF), and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). They are are novel biomaterials with multiple industrial uses for replacing fossil derived raw materials. Desirable properties include high surface area, unique morphology, excellent mechanical properties, specific high strength and modulus, good biocompatibility, renewability, tailorable surface chemistry and good optical properties. Their use in the development of a variety of sustainable and renewable materials has grown considerably in recent years.

The market mainly consists of CNFs at present, as alternatives to resins, synthetic thickeners, strengtheners, and plastic additives. CNF-based products have already hit the market, mainly in Japan, and are viewed as important advanced biomaterials solutions in the packaging and composites markets. CNC and BNC products are near or on market in personal care and cosmetics sectors.

“The Nanocellulose Market, Production and Pricing Report 2022” report includes:

  • Pricing landscape for nanocellulose (Cellulose nanofibers, cellulose nanocrystals and bacterial nanocellulose), by types and producers.
  • Analysis of the global market for cellulose nanofibers, cellulose nanocrystals and bacterial nanocellulose, segmented by market. Markets covered include packaging, composites, construction, textiles, biomedicine & healthcare, hygiene & sanitary products, personal care & cosmetics, paints & coatings, aerogels, filtration, oil & gas, electronics and batteries.
  • Production volumes by nanocellulose producer (current and planned).
  • Commercial nanocellulose product guide.
  • The market in Japan including all commercial product offerings.
  • 127 company profiles including production processes, products and pricing, target markets and collaborations. Profiles of all the major players in nanocellulose production (cellulose nanofibers, cellulose nanocrystals and bacterial nanocellulose producers). Companies profiled include Asahi Kasei, Blue Biofuels, Inc., Bucha Bio, CelluComp Ltd., Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd., Daicel, Daio Paper Corporation, Inventwood LLC, Melodea, SAPPI, DKS Co. Ltd. and many more.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. The market for nanocellulose
  • 1.2. Industry developments 2020-22
  • 1.3. Market outlook in 2022 and beyond
  • 1.4. Global production of nanocellulose
    • 1.4.1. Global nanocellulose production capacities 2021, by type
    • 1.4.2. Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2022, in metric tonnes by producer
    • 1.4.3. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2022
    • 1.4.4. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2022
  • 1.5. Market challenges for cellulose nanofibers

2. OVERVIEW OF NANOCELLULOSE

  • 2.1. Cellulose
  • 2.2. Nanocellulose
  • 2.3. Properties of nanocellulose
  • 2.4. Advantages of nanocellulose
  • 2.5. Manufacture of nanocellulose
  • 2.6. Production methods
  • 2.7. Types of nanocellulose
    • 2.7.1. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
    • 2.7.2. Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
      • 2.7.2.1. Applications
    • 2.7.3. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
      • 2.7.3.1. Synthesis
      • 2.7.3.2. Properties
      • 2.7.3.3. Applications
    • 2.7.4. Bacterial Nanocellulose (BNC)
      • 2.7.4.1. Applications
  • 2.8. Synthesis

3. COMMERCIAL NANOCELLULOSE PRODUCTS

4. NANOCELLULOSE PRICING

  • 4.1. Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)
  • 4.2. Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC)
  • 4.3. Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)

5. MARKETS FOR NANOCELLULOSE

  • 5.1. Composites
    • 5.1.1. Market overview
    • 5.1.2. Applications
      • 5.1.2.1. Automotive composites
      • 5.1.2.2. Biocomposite films & packaging
      • 5.1.2.3. Barrier packaging
      • 5.1.2.4. Thermal insulation composites
      • 5.1.2.5. Construction composites
    • 5.1.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.1.4. Product developers
  • 5.2. Automotive
    • 5.2.1. Market overview
    • 5.2.2. Applications
      • 5.2.2.1. Composites
      • 5.2.2.2. Air intake components
      • 5.2.2.3. Tires
    • 5.2.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.2.4. Product developers
  • 5.3. Buildings and construction
    • 5.3.1. Market overview
    • 5.3.2. Applications
      • 5.3.2.1. Sandwich composites
      • 5.3.2.2. Cement additives
      • 5.3.2.3. Pump primers
      • 5.3.2.4. Thermal insulation and damping
    • 5.3.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.3.4. Product developers
  • 5.4. Paper and board packaging
    • 5.4.1. Market overview
    • 5.4.2. Applications
      • 5.4.2.1. Reinforcement and barrier
      • 5.4.2.2. Biodegradable food packaging foil and films
      • 5.4.2.3. Paperboard coatings
    • 5.4.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.4.4. Product developers
  • 5.5. Textiles and apparel
    • 5.5.1. Market overview
    • 5.5.2. Applications
      • 5.5.2.1. CNF deodorizer and odour reducer (antimicrobial) in adult and child diapers
      • 5.5.2.2. Footwear
    • 5.5.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.5.4. Product developer profiles
  • 5.6. Biomedicine and healthcare
    • 5.6.1. Market overview
    • 5.6.2. Applications
      • 5.6.2.1. Wound dressings
      • 5.6.2.2. Drug delivery stabilizers
      • 5.6.2.3. Tissue engineering scaffolds
    • 5.6.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.6.4. Product developers
  • 5.7. Hygiene and sanitary products
    • 5.7.1. Market overview
    • 5.7.2. Applications
    • 5.7.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.7.4. Product developers
  • 5.8. Paints and coatings
    • 5.8.1. Market overview
    • 5.8.2. Applications
    • 5.8.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.8.4. Product developers
  • 5.9. Aerogels
    • 5.9.1. Market overview
    • 5.9.2. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.9.3. Product developers
  • 5.10. Oil and gas
    • 5.10.1. Market overview
    • 5.10.2. Applications
      • 5.10.2.1. Oil recovery applications (fracturing fluid)
      • 5.10.2.2. CNF Membranes for separation
      • 5.10.2.3. Oil and gas fluids additives
    • 5.10.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.10.4. Product developers
  • 5.11. Filtration
    • 5.11.1. Market overview
    • 5.11.2. Applications
      • 5.11.2.1. Membranes for selective absorption
    • 5.11.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.11.4. Product developers
  • 5.12. Rheology modifiers
    • 5.12.1. Market overview
    • 5.12.2. Applications
      • 5.12.2.1. Food additives
      • 5.12.2.2. Pickering stabilizers
      • 5.12.2.3. Hydrogels
    • 5.12.3. Global market in tons to 2032
    • 5.12.4. Product developers
  • 5.13. Other markets
    • 5.13.1. Printed, stretchable and flexible electronics
      • 5.13.1.1. Market assessment
      • 5.13.1.2. Product developers
    • 5.13.2. 3D printing
      • 5.13.2.1. Market assessment
      • 5.13.2.2. Product developers
    • 5.13.3. Aerospace
      • 5.13.3.1. Market assessment
      • 5.13.3.2. Product developers
    • 5.13.4. Batteries
      • 5.13.4.1. Market assessment

6. CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES (95 company profiles)

7. CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) PRODUCER ANALYSIS

8. CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTAL (CNC) COMPANY PROFILES (19 company profiles)

9. BACTERIAL CELLULOSE (BC) COMPANY PROFILES (13 company profiles)

10. RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY

  • 10.1. Report scope
  • 10.2. Research methodology

11. REFERENCES

List of Tables

  • Table 1. Market summary for nanocellulose-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications
  • Table 2. Markets and applications for nanocellulose
  • Table 3. The nanocellulose market in 2020-2022-industry product and production activity
  • Table 4. Classification of nanocellulose applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential of consumption
  • Table 5. CNF production capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
  • Table 6. MFC production capacities in metric tonnes and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
  • Table 7. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC by market in metric tonnes, 2018-2032
  • Table 8: Cellulose nanocrystal capacities (by type, wet or dry) and production process, by producer, metric tonnes
  • Table 9. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2030
  • Table 10. Market and technical challenges in nanocellulose
  • Table 11. Nanocellulose -based commercial products
  • Table 12. Properties and applications of nanocellulose
  • Table 13. Properties of nanocellulose, by type
  • Table 14. Properties of cellulose nanofibrils relative to metallic and polymeric materials
  • Table 15. Types of nanocellulose
  • Table 16. Types of nanocellulose
  • Table 17. Applications of cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
  • Table 18. Synthesis methods for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
  • Table 19. CNC sources, size and yield
  • Table 20. CNC properties
  • Table 21. Mechanical properties of CNC and other reinforcement materials
  • Table 22. Applications of nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC)
  • Table 23. Applications of bacterial nanocellulose (BNC)
  • Table 24: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers
  • Table 25: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanocrystal producers
  • Table 26: Product/price/application matrix of bacterial nanocellulose producers
  • Table 27. Market overview for nanocellulose in composites
  • Table 28. Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials
  • Table 29. Scorecard for nanocellulose in composites
  • Table 30. Market assessment for nanocellulose in composites-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global composites OEMs
  • Table 31. Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2032 (metric tonnes)
  • Table 32. Companies developing nanocellulose in composites
  • Table 33. Market overview for nanocellulose in automotive
  • Table 34. Scorecard for nanocellulose in automotive
  • Table 35. Market assessment for nanocellulose in automotive-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global automotive OEMs
  • Table 36. Components featured in the NCV
  • Table 37. Global market demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 38. Companies developing nanocellulose products in the automotive industry
  • Table 39. Market overview for nanocellulose in building and construction
  • Table 40. Scorecard for nanocellulose in building and construction
  • Table 41. Comparison of CNC with steel and other materials
  • Table 42. Market assessment for nanocellulose in building and construction-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global construction OEMs
  • Table 43: Market demand for nanocellulose in building and construction, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 44. Companies developing nanocellulose in building and construction
  • Table 45. Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum-based materials and other polymers
  • Table 46. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging
  • Table 47. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paper and board packaging-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paper and board packaging OEMs
  • Table 48. Global demand for nanocellulose in paper & board packaging, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 49. Companies developing nanocellulose products in paper and board
  • Table 50. Market overview for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel
  • Table 51. Scorecard for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel
  • Table 52. Market assessment for nanocellulose in textiles and apparel-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global textiles and apparel OEMs
  • Table 53. Demand for nanocellulose in textiles, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 54. Companies developing nanocellulose products in textiles and apparel
  • Table 55. Market overview for cellulose nanofibers in medicine and healthcare
  • Table 56. Scorecard for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare
  • Table 57. Market assessment for nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global medicine and healthcare OEMs
  • Table 58. Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 59. Nanocellulose product developers in medicine and healthcare
  • Table 60. Market overview for nanocellulose in the hygiene and sanitary products market
  • Table 61. Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 62. Nanocellulose product developers in hygiene and sanitary products
  • Table 63. Market overview for nanocellulose in paints and coatings
  • Table 64. Scorecard for nanocellulose in paints and coatings
  • Table 65. Market assessment for nanocellulose in paints and coatings-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global paints and coatings OEMs
  • Table 66. Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 67. Companies developing nanocellulose products in paints and coatings, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
  • Table 68. Market overview for nanocellulose in aerogels
  • Table 69. Scorecard for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels
  • Table 70. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerogels-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global aerogels OEMs
  • Table 71. Global demand for nanocellulose in aerogels, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 72. Nanocellulose in product developers in aerogels
  • Table 73. Market overview for nanocellulose in in oil and gas
  • Table 74. Scorecard for nanocellulose in in oil and gas
  • Table 75. Market assessment for nanocellulose in in oil and gas-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global oil and gas OEMs
  • Table 76. Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 77. Nanocellulose product developers in oil and gas exploration
  • Table 78. CNF membranes
  • Table 79. Market overview for nanocellulose in filtration
  • Table 80. Scorecard for nanocellulose in filtration
  • Table 81. Market assessment for nanocellulose in filtration-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global filtration OEMs
  • Table 82: Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 83. Companies developing nanocellulose products in filtration
  • Table 84. Market overview for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers
  • Table 85. Scorecard for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers
  • Table 86. Market assessment for nanocellulose in rheology modifiers-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global rheology modifier OEMs
  • Table 87. Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Table 88. Commercial activity in nanocellulose rheology modifiers
  • Table 89. Properties of flexible electronics-cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)
  • Table 90. Market assessment for nanocellulose in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global printed, flexible and stretchable electronics OEMs
  • Table 91. Companies developing nanocellulose products in printed, stretchable and flexible electronics
  • Table 92. Market assessment for nanocellulose in 3D priniting-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading, main global 3D printing OEMs
  • Table 93. Companies developing nanocellulose printing products
  • Table 94. Market assessment for nanocellulose in aerospace-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks, competing materials, material loading
  • Table 95: Companies developing nanocellulose products in aircraft and aerospace
  • Table 96. Market assessment for nanocellulose in Batteries-application, key benefits and motivation for use, megatrends, market drivers, technology drawbacks
  • Table 97: Granbio Nanocellulose Processes
  • Table 98. Nippon Paper commercial CNF products
  • Table 99: Oji Holdings CNF products
  • Table 100: CNC producers and production capacities
  • Table 101: Target market, by cellulose nanocrystal producer
  • Table 102. Fibnano properties

List of Figures

  • Figure 1. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tonnes
  • Figure 2. Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2021, metric tonnes
  • Figure 3. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers/MFC in metric tonnes by market, 2018-2032
  • Figure 4. Global demand for cellulose nanocrystals by market, 2018-2032
  • Figure 5. Dorayaki
  • Figure 6. ENASAVE NEXT
  • Figure 7. GEL-KAYANO™
  • Figure 8. Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 9. "Poise" series Super strong deodorant sheet
  • Figure 10. SC-3 (B) speakers
  • Figure 11. SE-MONITOR5 headphones
  • Figure 12. "Skin Care Acty" series Adult diapers
  • Figure 13. "SURISURI" Lotion
  • Figure 14. Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit
  • Figure 15. Scale of cellulose materials
  • Figure 16. Types of nanocellulose
  • Figure 17. Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses
  • Figure 18. CNF gel
  • Figure 19. TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals
  • Figure 20. CNC preparation
  • Figure 21. Extracting CNC from trees
  • Figure 22. CNC slurry
  • Figure 23. Nanocellulose preparation methods and resulting materials
  • Figure 24. Various preparation methods for nanocellulose
  • Figure 25. Applications of nanocellulose in composites
  • Figure 26. Global market demand for nanocellulose in composites, 2018-2032 (metric tonnes)
  • Figure 27. CNF mixed PLA (Poly Lactic Acid)
  • Figure 28. CNF resin products
  • Figure 29. Interior of NCV concept car
  • Figure 30. Applications of nanocellulose in automotive
  • Figure 31. Interior of the NCV prototype
  • Figure 32. Global demand for nanocellulose in the automotive sector, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 33: Daio Paper's cellulose nanofiber material in doors and hood of race car
  • Figure 34: CNF composite
  • Figure 35: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
  • Figure 36. CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment's (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project
  • Figure 37. Comparison of nanofillers with supplementary cementitious materials and aggregates in concrete
  • Figure 38. Applications of nanocellulose in building and construction
  • Figure 39. Demand for nanocellulose in construction, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 40. Applications of nanocellulose in paper and board packaging
  • Figure 41. Global demand for nanocellulose in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 42. Applications of nanocellulose in textiles and apparel
  • Figure 43. Asics GEL-KAYANO™ 25 running shoe
  • Figure 44. Demand for nanocellulose in the textiles, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 45. CNF deodorant products
  • Figure 46. Applications of nanocellulose in medicine and healthcare
  • Figure 47. Global demand for nanocellulose in medical and healthcare, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 48. Fibnano
  • Figure 49. Global demand for nanocellulose in hygiene and absorbents, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 50. Applications of nanocellulose in paints and coatings
  • Figure 51. Global demand for nanocellulose in paint and coatings, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 52. Hefcel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
  • Figure 53: Global demand for nanocellulose in in aerogels, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 54. Global demand for nanocellulose in the oil and gas market, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 55. Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery
  • Figure 56. Applications of nanocellulose in filtration
  • Figure 57. Global demand for nanocellulose in the filtration market, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 58. Multi-layered cross section of CNF-nw
  • Figure 59. Applications of nanocellulose in rheology modifiers
  • Figure 60. Global demand for nanocellulose in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2032 (tons)
  • Figure 61. "SURISURI" products
  • Figure 62. Foldable nanopaper antenna
  • Figure 63: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
  • Figure 64. Oji CNF transparent sheets
  • Figure 65. Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials
  • Figure 66: Anpoly cellulose nanofiber hydrogel
  • Figure 67. MEDICELLU™
  • Figure 68: Ashai Kasei CNF production process
  • Figure 69: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
  • Figure 70: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 71. CNF nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 72. Borregaard Chemcell CNF production process
  • Figure 73. nanoforest products
  • Figure 74. Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 75. nanoforest-S
  • Figure 76. nanoforest-PDP
  • Figure 77. nanoforest-MB
  • Figure 78. Daicel Corporation CNF production process
  • Figure 79. Celish
  • Figure 80: Trunk lid incorporating CNF
  • Figure 81. Daio Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 82. ELLEX products
  • Figure 83. CNF-reinforced PP compounds
  • Figure 84. Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 85. Color CNF
  • Figure 86. DIC Products CNF production process
  • Figure 87. DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process
  • Figure 88: Rheocrysta spray
  • Figure 89. DKS CNF products
  • Figure 90: CNF based on citrus peel
  • Figure 91. Citrus cellulose nanofiber
  • Figure 92. Imerys CNF production process
  • Figure 93. Filler Bank CNC products
  • Figure 94: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 95: CNF products from Furukawa Electric
  • Figure 96. Granbio CNF production process
  • Figure 97: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
  • Figure 98. Non-aqueous CNF dispersion "Senaf" (Photo shows 5% of plasticizer)
  • Figure 99: CNF gel
  • Figure 100: Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 101: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 102. Innventia CNF production process
  • Figure 103: Innventia AB movable nanocellulose demo plant
  • Figure 104. Kami Shoji CNF products
  • Figure 105. Dual Graft System
  • Figure 106: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
  • Figure 107. Acrylic resin blended with modified CNF (fluid) and its molded product (transparent film), and image obtained with AFM (CNF 10wt% blended)
  • Figure 108: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
  • Figure 109. Kruger Biomaterials, Inc. CNF production process
  • Figure 110. CNF deodorant
  • Figure 111. Chitin nanofiber product
  • Figure 112. Marusumi Paper cellulose nanofiber products
  • Figure 113. FibriMa cellulose nanofiber powder
  • Figure 114. Cellulomix production process
  • Figure 115. Nanobase versus conventional products
  • Figure 116. Uni-ball Signo UMN-307
  • Figure 117: CNF slurries
  • Figure 118. Range of CNF products
  • Figure 119: Nanocell serum product
  • Figure 120: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp
  • Figure 121: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic
  • Figure 122. Nippon Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 123: Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers
  • Figure 124. All-resin forceps incorporating CNF
  • Figure 125. CNF paint product
  • Figure 126: CNF wet powder
  • Figure 127: CNF transparent film
  • Figure 128: Transparent CNF sheets
  • Figure 129. Oji Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 130: CNF clear sheets
  • Figure 131. Oji Holdings CNF polycarbonate product
  • Figure 132: Fluorene cellulose ® powder
  • Figure 133. A vacuum cleaner part made of cellulose fiber (left) and the assembled vacuum cleaner
  • Figure 134. Performance Biofilaments CNF production process
  • Figure 135: XCNF
  • Figure 136: CNF insulation flat plates
  • Figure 137. Seiko PMC CNF production process
  • Figure 138. Manufacturing process for STARCEL
  • Figure 139: Rubber soles incorporating CNF
  • Figure 140. CNF dispersion and powder from Starlite
  • Figure 141. Stora Enso CNF production process
  • Figure 142. Sugino Machine CNF production process
  • Figure 143: High Pressure Water Jet Process
  • Figure 144: 2 wt.% CNF suspension
  • Figure 145. BiNFi-s Dry Powder
  • Figure 146. BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
  • Figure 147: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
  • Figure 148: SVILOSA AD CNC products
  • Figure 149: Silver / CNF composite dispersions
  • Figure 150: CNF/nanosilver powder
  • Figure 151: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
  • Figure 152: CNF resin products
  • Figure 153. University of Maine CNF production process
  • Figure 154. UPM-Kymmene CNF production process
  • Figure 155. FibDex® wound dressing
  • Figure 156. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process
  • Figure 157: Flexible electronic substrate made from CNF
  • Figure 158. VTT 100% bio-based stand-up pouches
  • Figure 159. VTT CNF production process
  • Figure 160: HefCel-coated wood (left) and untreated wood (right) after 30 seconds flame test
  • Figure 161: Bio-based barrier bags prepared from Tempo-CNF coated bio-HDPE film
  • Figure 162. S-CNF in powder form
  • Figure 163. Zelfo Technology GmbH CNF production process
  • Figure 164: R3TM process technology
  • Figure 165: Blue Goose CNC Production Process
  • Figure 166: NCCTM Process
  • Figure 167: Celluforce production process
  • Figure 168: CNC produced at Tech Futures' pilot plant; cloudy suspension (1 wt.%), gel-like (10 wt.%), flake-like crystals, and very fine powder. Product advantages include:
  • Figure 169. Filler Bank CNC products
  • Figure 170: Plantrose process
  • Figure 171. CNC solution
  • Figure 172. University of Maine CNF production process
  • Figure 173. US Forest Service Products Laboratory CNF production process
  • Figure 174. Cellugy materials
  • Figure 175: Bacterial cellulose face mask sheet