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Market Research Report

The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan

Published by Future Markets, Inc. Product code 515219
Published Content info 248 Pages
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The Market for Cellulose Nanofibers in Japan
Published: August 13, 2019 Content info: 248 Pages
Description

Cellulose nanofibers (Cellulose Nanofibril, Nanofibrillated Cellulose, CNFs) are generated from wood-derived fibrils with length in the micrometer and width in the nanometric range during the biosynthesis of cellulose. Today in Japan, there is widespread scientific and commercial interest in cellulose nanofibers. CNF will greatly impact environmentally friendly and biodegradable solutions in market such as packaging, paper & board, composites, coatings & films, medical & healthcare, textiles, oil & gas, filtration, rheology modifiers, aerogels, 3D printing and printed & flexible electronics. The market for cellulose nanofibers has developed rapidly in Japan over the past few years.

Japan is by far the largest producer and consumer of cellulose nanofiber products. The market mainly comprises cellulose nanofiber production, with a few producers also looking at cellulose nanocrystals.

The main celluose nanofiber producers in Japan include:

  • Asahi Kasei
  • Chuetsu Pulp & Paper
  • Daicel Corporation
  • Daio Paper Corporation
  • DIC Corporation
  • DKS Co. Ltd.
  • Nippon Paper Industries
  • Oji Holdings
  • Seiko PMC
  • Sugino Machine.

These companies produce CNF on a pre-commercial and commercial scale and produce numerous products or supply to OEMs. Several CNF-based products have come onto the market in Japan including:

  • Ballpoint pen ink gels.
  • Adult deoderizing products.
  • Audio equipment.
  • Hygiene wipes and other products.
  • Footwear.
  • Cosmetics.
  • Food additives.
  • Packaging additives.
  • Concrete additives.
  • Automotive composites.

Report contents include:

  • Demand for CNF in Japan. Historical, current and forecast to 2030 (tons).
  • In-depth details on CNF production processes, materials development and products.
  • Production capacities for cellulose nanofiber in Japan.
  • End user markets in Japan.
  • Trends in cellulose nanofiber in Japan.
  • In-depth profiles of 47 CNF producers and product developers in Japan.
  • In-depth analysis of market by applications including estimated market size, penetration and growth. Applications covered include: Polymer composite parts; Biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites; Automotive composites; Packaging films; Aerogels; Construction materials; Packaging fillers/additives; Paint and coatings additives; Deoderant sheets; Pharmaceutical additives; Renewable plastic parts/casings; Transparent films for electronics; Flexible and printed electronics; Batteries; Flexible and paper batteries; Filtration membranes.
  • Expanded profiles on cellulose nanofiber producers including recent activities to August 2019.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. Market snapshot
  • 1.2. Markets and applications
  • 1.3. Nanocellulose production capacities, in tons
    • 1.3.1. Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) production capacities 2019
    • 1.3.2. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) production capacities 2019
    • 1.3.3. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) production capacities 2019
  • 1.4. Global production of cellulose nanofibers
    • 1.4.1. Production plants and production status
  • 1.5. Market trends in cellulose nanofibers
  • 1.6. Global cellulose nanofibers market size
    • 1.6.1. The market for cellulose nanofibers in 2017
    • 1.6.2. The market for cellulose nanofibers in 2018
    • 1.6.3. Current cellulose nanofibers commercial products in Japan
    • 1.6.4. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers by market, tons
    • 1.6.5. Cellulose nanofibers market, 2018-2030, tons
    • 1.6.6. Cellulose nanofibers market by region
      • 1.6.6.1. Asia-Pacific
        • 1.6.6.1.1. Japan

2. RESEARCH SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY

3. INTRODUCTION

  • 3.1. Cellulose
  • 3.2. Nanocellulose
  • 3.3. Properties of nanocellulose
  • 3.4. Advantages of nanocellulose
  • 3.5. Manufacture of nanocellulose
  • 3.6. Production methods
  • 3.7. Types of nanocellulose
    • 3.7.1. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
    • 3.7.2. Cellulose nanofibers (CNF)
      • 3.7.2.1. Applications
      • 3.7.2.2. Production methods of CNF producers
    • 3.7.3. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
      • 3.7.3.1. Properties
      • 3.7.3.2. Applications
    • 3.7.4. Bacterial Cellulose (BC)
      • 3.7.4.1. Applications
  • 3.8. Synthesis
    • 3.8.1. Microcrystalline cellulose (MC)
    • 3.8.2. Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC)
    • 3.8.3. Nanofibrillated cellulose (CNF)
    • 3.8.4. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)
    • 3.8.5. Bacterial cellulose particles (BC)

4. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS SUPPLY CHAIN IN JAPAN

5. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS PRICING IN JAPAN

6. NANOCELLULOSE PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

7. GLOBAL MARKETS FOR CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS

  • 7.1. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN COMPOSITES
    • 7.1.1. Trends in the composites market and cellulose nanofibers solutions
    • 7.1.2. Comparison of cellulose nanofibers to other composite materials
    • 7.1.3. Applications
      • 7.1.3.1. By cellulose type
      • 7.1.3.2. Applications roadmap
    • 7.1.4. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in composites
  • 7.2. CELLULOSE NANOFIBER IN AIRCRAFT AND AEROSPACE
    • 7.2.1. Market trends and nanocellulose solution
    • 7.2.2. Applications
      • 7.2.2.1. Composites
    • 7.2.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in the aircraft and aerospace market
      • 7.2.3.1. Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis
      • 7.2.3.2. Global demand in tons in aircraft and aerospace
    • 7.2.4. Market challenges
    • 7.2.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.3. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN AUTOMOTIVE
    • 7.3.1. Market trends and cellulose nanofibers solution
    • 7.3.2. Applications
      • 7.3.2.1. Composites
        • 7.3.2.1.1. Nanocellulose market in automotive
    • 7.3.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive industry
    • 7.3.4. Market challenges
    • 7.3.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.4. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDINGS
    • 7.4.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.4.2. Applications
    • 7.4.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in construction
      • 7.4.3.1. Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis
      • 7.4.3.2. Global demand in tons in construction
    • 7.4.4. Market challenges
    • 7.4.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.5. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN PAPER AND BOARD/PACKAGING
    • 7.5.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.5.2. Applications
    • 7.5.3. Properties
      • 7.5.3.1. Reinforcing agents
      • 7.5.3.2. Transparency and flexibility
      • 7.5.3.3. Paper packaging
      • 7.5.3.4. Paper coatings
        • 7.5.3.4.1. Improved surface properties and print quality
      • 7.5.3.5. Anti-microbials
      • 7.5.3.6. Packaging
      • 7.5.3.7. Anti-bacterial
      • 7.5.3.8. Gas barrier
    • 7.5.4. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in paper & board/packaging
      • 7.5.4.1. Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis
      • 7.5.4.2. Global demand in tons in paper & board
    • 7.5.5. Market challenges
    • 7.5.6. Product developer profiles
  • 7.6. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN TEXTILES AND APPAREL
    • 7.6.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.6.2. Applications
      • 7.6.2.1. Sanitary products
      • 7.6.2.2. Hygiene and absorbent products
    • 7.6.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in textiles
      • 7.6.3.1. Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis
    • 7.6.4. Market challenges
    • 7.6.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.7. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
    • 7.7.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.7.2. Applications
      • 7.7.2.1. Drug delivery
      • 7.7.2.2. Medical implants
      • 7.7.2.3. Tissue engineering
      • 7.7.2.4. Wound dressings
      • 7.7.2.5. Lateral flow immunoassay labels
    • 7.7.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in medical & healthcare
      • 7.7.3.1. Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis
    • 7.7.4. Product developer profiles
  • 7.8. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN PAINTS AND COATINGS
    • 7.8.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.8.2. Applications
      • 7.8.2.1. Abrasion and scratch resistance
      • 7.8.2.2. Wood coatings
      • 7.8.2.3. Anti-counterfeiting films
      • 7.8.2.4. Gas barriers
    • 7.8.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in paints and coatings
      • 7.8.3.1. Applications market readiness and market acceptability analysis
    • 7.8.4. Market challenges
    • 7.8.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.9. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN AEROGELS
    • 7.9.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.9.2. Applications
      • 7.9.2.1. Thermal insulation
      • 7.9.2.2. Shape memory
    • 7.9.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels
      • 7.9.3.1. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, tons
    • 7.9.4. Product developer profiles
  • 7.10. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN OIL AND GAS
    • 7.10.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.10.2. Applications
      • 7.10.2.1. Oil and fracking drilling fluids
      • 7.10.2.2. Water-based drilling fluids
      • 7.10.2.3. Extraction
    • 7.10.3. Global cellulose nanofibers market in oil and gas
      • 7.10.3.1. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in oil and gas
      • 7.10.3.2. Global demand in tons in oil and gas
    • 7.10.4. Market challenges
    • 7.10.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.11. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN FILTRATION
    • 7.11.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.11.2. Applications
      • 7.11.2.1. Membranes and filters
      • 7.11.2.2. Water filtration
      • 7.11.2.3. Air filtration
      • 7.11.2.4. Virus filtration
    • 7.11.3. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in filtration and separation
      • 7.11.3.1. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in filtration and separation
      • 7.11.3.2. Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in filtration, tons
    • 7.11.4. Market challenges
    • 7.11.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.12. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS
    • 7.12.1. Applications
      • 7.12.1.1. Food
      • 7.12.1.2. Pharmaceuticals
      • 7.12.1.3. Cosmetics
    • 7.12.2. Global market for cellulose nanofibers in rheology modifiers
    • 7.12.3. Product developer profiles
  • 7.13. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN PRINTED, STRETCHABLE AND FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS
    • 7.13.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.13.2. Applications
      • 7.13.2.1. Wearable electronics
      • 7.13.2.2. Nanopaper
      • 7.13.2.3. Paper memory
      • 7.13.2.4. Conductive inks
    • 7.13.3. Global market size and opportunity
      • 7.13.3.1. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in printed and flexible electronics
    • 7.13.4. Market challenges
    • 7.13.5. Product developer profiles
  • 7.14. CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS IN 3D PRINTING
    • 7.14.1. Market drivers and trends
    • 7.14.2. Applications
    • 7.14.3. Global market size and opportunity
      • 7.14.3.1. Market assessment for cellulose nanofibers in 3D printing
    • 7.14.4. Market challenges
    • 7.14.5. Product developer profiles

8. CELLULOSE CURRENT AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS

  • 8.1. Potential for high-volume consuming cellulose nanofibers applications
    • 8.1.1. Polymer composite parts
    • 8.1.2. Bioplastics
    • 8.1.3. Packaging films
    • 8.1.4. Aerogels
    • 8.1.5. Construction materials
      • 8.1.5.1. Cement
      • 8.1.5.2. Ultra-high-performance concrete
    • 8.1.6. Paint and coatings additives
    • 8.1.7. Hygiene and absorbent products
    • 8.1.8. Tyres
  • 8.2. Potential global cellulose nanofibers demand by application

9. JAPAN CELLULOSE NANOFIBER COMPANY PROFILES (45 COMPANY PROFILES)

10. REFERENCES

Tables

  • Table 1: Market snapshot for cellulose nanofibers-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, market estimates, global consumption, main current applications, future applications
  • Table 2: Markets and applications for cellulose nanofibers
  • Table 3: CNF producer capacities 2018
  • Table 4: MFC producer capacities 2018
  • Table 5: Cellulose nanocrystal producer capacities 2018
  • Table 6: Market trends in cellulose nanofibers in Japan
  • Table 7: Target markets for cellulose nanofiber producers and product developers in Japan
  • Table 8: Product/price/application matrix of cellulose nanofiber producers in Japan versus global companies
  • Table 9: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in composites market
  • Table 10: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials
  • Table 11: Applications of nanocellulose in polymer composites by cellulose type
  • Table 12: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the polymer composites market
  • Table 13: Examples of antimicrobial immobilization into cellulose nanofibers
  • Table 14: Oxygen permeability of nanocellulose films compared to those made form commercially available petroleum based materials and other polymers
  • Table 15: Japan companies developing nanocellulose products in bio packaging, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
  • Table 16: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers
  • Table 17: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in the automotive industry, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
  • Table 18: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in construction market
  • Table 19: Comparison of nanocellulose with steel and other materials
  • Table 20: Japan companies developing Cellulose nanofibers in construction-Companies and products
  • Table 21: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the paper and board market
  • Table 22: Cellulose nanofibers applications timeline in the paper and board markets
  • Table 23: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in paper and board, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
  • Table 24: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the textiles market
  • Table 25: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofibers products in textiles, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
  • Table 26: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the filtration market
  • Table 27: Nanocellulose applications timeline in the filtration market
  • Table 28: Types of filtration
  • Table 29: CNF membranes
  • Table 30: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in filtration, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
  • Table 31: Cellulose nanofibers applications timeline in the rheology modifiers market
  • Table 32: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofiber rheology modifiers
  • Table 33: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the printed and flexible electronics market
  • Table 34: Cellulose nanofiber applications timeline in flexible electronics
  • Table 35: Properties of flexible electronics-cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper)
  • Table 36: Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films
  • Table 37: Japan companies developing cellulose nanofiber products in paper electronics, applications targeted and stage of commercialization
  • Table 38: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the 3D printing market
  • Table 39: Applications of CNF in 3D printing
  • Table 40: Companies developing cellulose nanofibers 3D printing products
  • Table 41: Market drivers, trends and CNF solutions in the medicine and healthcare market
  • Table 42: Cellulose nanofiber applications timeline in the medicine and healthcare markets
  • Table 43: Cellulose nanofibers product developers in medical and healthcare applications in Japan
  • Table 44: Classification of cellulose nanofibers applications by type of industrial product ranged in terms of their potential consumption
  • Table 45: Cellulose nanofibers for composite parts. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 46: Cellulose nanofibers for biodegradable and renewable nanocomposites. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 47: Cellulose nanofibers for automotive composites nanocomposites. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 48: Cellulose nanofibers for packaging films. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 49: Cellulose nanofibers for aerogels. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 50: Cellulose nanofibers for cement. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 51: Cellulose nanofibers for ultra-high performance concrete. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 52: Cellulose nanofibers for packaging fillers/additives. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 53: Cellulose nanofibers for paint and coating additives. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 54: Cellulose nanofibers for deodorant sheets. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 55: Cellulose nanofibers for Pharmaceutical additives. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 56: Cellulose nanofibers for renewable plastic parts/casings. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 57: Cellulose nanofibers for transparent films for electronics. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 58: Cellulose nanofibers for flexible and printed electronics. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 59: Cellulose nanofibers for flexible and printed electronics. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 60: Cellulose nanofibers for flexible and paper batteries. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 61: Cellulose nanofibers for filtration membranes. Application, key benefits, competing materials, CNF working concentration, global market demand and growth, potential for CNF penetration
  • Table 62: Global cellulose nanofibers demand by application. Estimates based on 2018 global market
  • Table 63: Oji Holdings CNF products

Figures

  • Figure 1: Market segmentation by type of nanocellulose, capacities and demand 2018
  • Figure 2: CNF wet powder
  • Figure 3: Cellulose nanofiber transparent sheet
  • Figure 4: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 5: XCNF
  • Figure 6: Cellulose nanofiber-based commercial products in Japan
  • Figure 7: Cellulose nanofibers market value, by end user market demand, 2018-2030 (Tons)
  • Figure 8: Regional demand for cellulose nanofibers, 2018
  • Figure 9: Schematic diagram of partial molecular structure of cellulose chain with numbering for carbon atoms and n= number of cellobiose repeating unit
  • Figure 10: Scale of cellulose materials
  • Figure 11: Types of nanocellulose
  • Figure 12: Relationship between different kinds of nanocelluloses
  • Figure 13: CNF gel
  • Figure 14: TEM image of cellulose nanocrystals
  • Figure 15: An iridescent biomimetic cellulose multilayer film remains after water that contains cellulose nanocrystals evaporates
  • Figure 16: Extracting CNC from trees
  • Figure 17: CNC slurry
  • Figure 18: (a) Number of research publications on the different nomenclatures of nanocellulosic materials per year during the last decade. (b) Cumulative number of research article number published per nomenclature
  • Figure 19: Nanocellulose patents by field of application
  • Figure 20: Global market demand for cellulose nanofibers in composites, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 21: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in the aerospace and aviation market, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 22: Nanomaterials-based automotive components
  • Figure 23: CNF car engine cover developed in Japan Ministry of the Environment's (MOE) Nano Cellulose Vehicle (NCV) Project
  • Figure 24: The structure of the CNF-based front hood
  • Figure 25: CNF composite
  • Figure 26: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the automotive sector, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 27: Nanowood with hierarchically aligned cellulose nanofibrils for insulation
  • Figure 28: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in construction, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 29: Example process for producing NFC packaging film
  • Figure 30: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the paper & board/packaging, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 31: CNF deodorant products
  • Figure 32: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in hygiene and absorbents 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 33: Demand for cellulose nanofibers in the textiles sector, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 34: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in biomedical and healthcare, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 35: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in paint and coatings, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 36: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in aerogels, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 37: Nanocellulose sponge developed by EMPA for potential applications in oil recovery
  • Figure 38: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the oil and gas market, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 39: Nanocellulose virus filter paper
  • Figure 40: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the filtration market, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 41: Global demand for cellulose nanofibers in the rheology modifiers market, 2018-2030 (tons)
  • Figure 42: Electronic components using NFC as insulating materials
  • Figure 43: Cellulose nanofiber films
  • Figure 44: Nanocellulose photoluminescent paper
  • Figure 45: LEDs shining on circuitry imprinted on a 5x5cm sheet of CNF
  • Figure 46: Foldable nanopaper
  • Figure 47: Foldable nanopaper antenna
  • Figure 48: Paper memory (ReRAM)
  • Figure 49: 3D printed CNF in Paper Microfluidics devices
  • Figure 50: Ashai Kasei CNF production process
  • Figure 51: Asahi Kasei CNF fabric sheet
  • Figure 52: Properties of Asahi Kasei cellulose nanofiber nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 53: CNF nonwoven fabric
  • Figure 54: Chuetsu Pulp & Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 55: Daicel Corporation CNF production process
  • Figure 56: Trunk lid incorporating CNF
  • Figure 57: Daio Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 58: CNF-reinforced PP compounds
  • Figure 59: Kirekira! toilet wipes
  • Figure 60: DIC Products CNF production process
  • Figure 61: DKS Co. Ltd. CNF production process
  • Figure 62: Rheocrysta spray
  • Figure 63: CNF based on citrus peel
  • Figure 64: Cellulose Nanofiber (CNF) composite with polyethylene (PE)
  • Figure 65: CNF products from Furukawa Electric
  • Figure 66: Cutlery samples (spoon, knife, fork) made of nano cellulose and biodegradable plastic composite materials
  • Figure 67: CNF gel
  • Figure 68: Block nanocellulose material
  • Figure 69: CNF products developed by Hokuetsu
  • Figure 70: Engine cover utilizing Kao CNF composite resins
  • Figure 71: 0.3% aqueous dispersion of sulfated esterified CNF and dried transparent film (front side)
  • Figure 72: CNF slurries
  • Figure 73: Hydrophobization facilities for raw pulp
  • Figure 74: Mixing facilities for CNF-reinforced plastic
  • Figure 75: Nippon Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 76: Nippon Paper Industries' adult diapers
  • Figure 77: CNF wet powder
  • Figure 78: CNF transparent film
  • Figure 79: Transparent CNF sheets
  • Figure 80: Oji Paper CNF production process
  • Figure 81: CNF clear sheets
  • Figure 82: Fluorene cellulose ® powder
  • Figure 83: XCNF
  • Figure 84: CNF insulation flat plates
  • Figure 85: Seiko PMC CNF production process
  • Figure 86: Rubber soles incorporating CNF
  • Figure 87: Sugino Machine CNF production process
  • Figure 88: High Pressure Water Jet Process
  • Figure 89: 2 wt.% CNF suspension
  • Figure 90: BiNFi-s Dry Powder
  • Figure 91: BiNFi-s Dry Powder and Propylene (PP) Complex Pellet
  • Figure 92: Silk nanofiber (right) and cocoon of raw material
  • Figure 93: Silver / CNF composite dispersions
  • Figure 94: CNF/nanosilver powder
  • Figure 95: Comparison of weight reduction effect using CNF
  • Figure 96: CNF resin products
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