The Global Permanent Magnet Market is projected to register a CAGR of over 6% during the forecast period (2021-2026).
The market was negatively affected by COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. During the pandemic situation, various industries such as automotive and electronics have halted production for quite a long period. For instance, automobile production in 2020 has witnessed a decline of 15.8% compared to 2019. Electronics industry has been immensely affected as well, due to delays from suppliers for electronic components which are not able to cope up the increasing demand, which further is affecting the growth of the market studied.
- Over the medium term, the increasing electro-mechanical applications is the major factor driving the growth of the market studied.
- On the flip side, competition from other materials and COVID-19 impact are expected to hinder the growth of the market studied.
- Asia-Pacific is expected to account the largest share and is likely to dominate the market studied during the forecast period.
Key Market Trends
Growing Demand from Electronics Industry
- Permanent magnets are increasingly being used in electro-mechanical products for better efficiency purposes.
- Permanent magnets have wide applications in electronics such as refrigerators, electric motors, loudspeakers, sensors among others.
- The electronics industry is likely to grow significantly in the coming year's post-COVID-19 recovery, owing to the increasing demand for electronic devices. In 2019, the industry registered a growth rate of more than 2% which declined to -3% in 2020 but is expected to recover to reach more than 6% in 2021.
- The Asia-Pacific market is expected to register a growth of more than 7% in 2021. Countries such as China, India, and Japan are the top manufacturers of electronics globally.
- China dominates electronics production in the global market. The country's electronics production which was steadily increasing through the years, has recently suffered from deceleration owing to the ongoing trade war between China and United States, forcing various electronics producers to shift their base from China to other countries in Asia-Pacific region.
- India is expected to have a digital economy of USD 1 trillion by 2025 and India's Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector is expected to generate over USD100 billion in economic value by 2025. Several policies such as Make in India, National Policy of Electronics, Net Zero Imports in Electronics, and Zero Defect Zero Effect, offer a commitment to growth in domestic manufacturing, lowering import dependence, energizing exports, and manufacturing.
- Europe is also witnessing significant growth owing to the increasing investments in the region. Germany dominated the electronics production in Europe, which was valued at EUR 147.3 billion in 2019. The industry which is currently suffering is expected to recover in 2021 with a growth rate of around 5%.
- The United Kingdom is one of the largest European market for high-end consumer electronics products, with about 18,000 UK-based electronics companies in the market. According to the Department for International Trade, the electronics sector in the United Kingdom is worth GBP 16 billion, each year, to the local economy.
- Owing to all the abovementioned factors, the market is expected to grow post COVID-19 recovery, during the forecast period.
Asia-Pacific Region to Dominate the Market
- Asia-Pacific region is expected to dominate the market owing to the highly developed sustainable energy sector in China, and Japan coupled with the continuous investments occurring in the region to advance the automotive technology sector throughout the years.
- Additionally, the growing population and expanding industrial production activities in the Asia-Pacific region increased the production and demand for electricity through various energy sources. This, in turn, has been supporting the demand for permanent magnets in multiple applications.
- According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Asia-Pacific region is the highest electricity consumer from all formats, such as fossil fuels and renewable energy sources. The renewable capacity additions in China in 2019 were 66 Gigawatts (GW) and are expected to reach 82 GW by 2021. The renewable capacity additions in India were around 12 GW in 2019 and are projected to reach 16 GW by 2021.
- The Indian government announced an exceptionally ambitious plan to double installed capacity over the coming decade and to do so primarily through accelerated deployment of renewable energy. From April 2020 to February 2021, India installed 9.7 gigawatt (GW) of power generation capacity.
- Chinese automotive manufacturing industry is the largest in the world. The industry witnessed a slowdown in 2018, wherein production and sales declined. A similar trend continued, with production witnessing a 7.5% decline in 2019. Additionally, the production volume has reached 25.23 million vehicles in 2020, registering a decline rate of about 2% compared to 2019.
- The Indian electronics market is expected to reach USD 400 billion by 2025. Additionally, India is expected to become the fifth-largest consumer electronics and appliances industry in the world by 2025.
- All the factors, in turn, are projected to have a significant impact on the market growth in the region during the forecast period.
The global permanent magnet market is fragmented in nature. Some of the major players of the market studied include Hitachi Metals, Ltd., Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd., TDK Corporation, Daido Steel Co., Ltd., and Lynas Rare Earths Ltd., among others.
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