• Japanese
  • Korean
  • Chinese
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Transformer Report- 2015 - Ed 4

This is the 4th edition of the StatPlan Transformer Report. The report sizes demand for power and distribution transformers in base year 2014 and fore-casts demand from 2015 to 2020.

The report contains comprehensive quantitative data and qualitative analysis about the transformer markets, globally and for all regions and countries.

The report analyses the global market for power and distribution transformers of $29 billion at ex factory prices in 2014. A detailed analysis of the installed base by type of transformer and ownership is shown.

The report predicts future market trends in volume and value, and examines the factors affecting price; input costs for raw materials, labour, energy and production capacity. Production and manufacture are surveyed and levels of production capacity assessed.

The leading transformer manufacturers are ranked with market shares. The changing landscape of generation and the networks with the growth of DER and renewables, energy efficiency, logistics, electrification are identified and discussed.

The global market, regions and 15 major markets are surveyed with detailed reports: - USA, France, Italy, Germany, Spain, UK, Turkey, Russia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Brazil, Mexico.


1. GENERATOR AND TRANSFORMER INSTALLED BASE ANALYSIS

Base year 2014, transformer type

  • By region and 124 countries
  • By type - Generator Trf, Power Trf, Distribution Trf
  • Power generation capacity MW
  • Transformer capacity MVA, number of transformers, kVA per transformer
  • Power transformers - GSU ge; 220 kV, GSU >35<220 kV, Utility, Industry
  • Distribution transformers - GSU ≤ 35 kV, Utility, Industry

2. TRANSFORMER DEMAND AT EX-FACTORY & INSTALLED COST $

Demand in base year 2014

  • By region and 124 countries
  • By type - Generator Trf, Power Trf, Distribution Trf

3. TRANSFORMER MARKET DEMAND AT EX-FACTORY COST $

Demand in base year 2014, forecast in nominal $ annually to 2020

  • By region and 124 countries
  • By type - Generator Trf, Power Trf, Distribution Trf

4. TRANSFORMER MARKET DEMAND IN MVA CAPACITY

Demand in base year 2014, forecast annually to 2020

  • By region and 124 countries
  • By type - Generator Trf, Power Trf, Distribution Trf

5. PPI (PRODUCER PRICE INDEX) TREND, FACTORS IMPACTING PRICE

PPI trends are shown and the following factors impacting prices analysed.

  • Demand for transformers, market and industry trends
  • Production capacity-surplus/shortage
  • Input prices of:
    • Raw materials
    • Energy
    • Labour

The economic and financial climate

6. THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS, POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER TYPES AND OWNERSHIP

Transformers are needed at any stage where the voltage changes up or down. The stages and parameters are mapped as power is stepped up from the generating plant to the high voltage of the transmission grid, down to medium voltage for the distribution grid and to low voltage for the end user.

7. TRANSFORMER : GENERATOR CAPACITY RATIOS - MVA : MW

  • By region and 124 countries
  • By type - Generator Trf, Power Trf, Distribution Trf

8. N-1 STANDARD, N-2 CAPABILITY, REDUNDANCY AND REPLACEMENT

The number of transformers used in a network has to take outages into account. In the various parts of a network different degrees of redundancy are applied to

achieve a cost-effective N-1 standard of security (the ability to operate without loss of service even after the failure of one key component in the grid.) Large power transformers are costly custom built items and no two are the same so spares cannot be stored, whereas MV distribution trans-formers are commodity items and are kept in stock by distributors and this affects contingency planning. This is discussed and different practices outlined.

9. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLE 1900-2050

The long term demand cycle depends on new build and replacement. Power trans-formers commonly have 40 year lives and with modern life extension can last even longer so the replacement cycle is a long term issue. To determine the demand cycle it is necessary to chart the growth of the transformer fleet over many decades. Stat- Plan has charted this since 1900 and the cycle is plotted to determine the demand cycle over 150 years.

10. CENTRAL AND DER (DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCES

Distributed energy resources (DER) are smaller power sources that can be aggregat-ed to provide power necessary to meet regular demand. As the electricity grid continues to modernise, DER such as storage and advanced renewa-ble technologies can help facilitate the transition to a smarter grid. DER enter the grid at varying voltages. The impact of DER on grid voltages and hence the specifications of transformers are discussed for Europe and future trends identified.

11. ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Losses in transmission and distribution networks constitute the single biggest loss in any electricity system and 70% of these losses occur in the distribution network. Gov-ernment regulations and programmes to reduce losses with energy efficient distribu-tion transformers are outlined for different regions.

12. LOGISTICS

Power transformers can be the size of a house and weigh over 400 tons. They often have to be transported large distances over difficult terrain with poor roads, over-passes and limited load limits. Logistics problems and solutions are discussed to-gether with their implications for transformers and similar large items of equipment.

13. ELECTRIFICATION

Electrification rates around the world vary considerably and these are charted, with their impact on electrical markets.

14. TRANSFORMER PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND MANUFACTURERS

Production capacity is assessed for different regions and countries and surplus ca-pacity identified, with its effect on prices. Manufacturers are listed with global market shares.

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • The power transformer market
  • United States
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • LAC
  • Long term demand cycle
  • Transformer: generator capacity ratios - MVA : MW
  • Channels to market
  • Transformer types
  • Efficiency transformers
  • Trends in the generation mix
  • Manufacturing capacity, global and by region
  • Price trend
  • Redundancy
  • Logistics
  • Electrification

1. GLOBAL TRANSFORMER DEMAND FORECAST AT EX-FACTORY COST

  • 1.1 WORLD OVERVIEW

2. NORTH AMERICAN TRANSFORMER MARKET

  • 2.1. MARKET REVIEW
    • 2.1.1. Transformer stock
    • 2.1.2. Composition of demand
    • 2.1.3. The utility market in the United States
    • 2.1.4. Market Drivers
    • 2.1.5. Utility Investment
  • 2.2. MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY REVIEW
    • 2.2.1. Manufacturing facilities
    • 2.2.2. Power transformers
    • 2.2.3. USA plant
    • 2.2.4. NAFTA suppliers in Canada and Mexico
    • 2.2.5. Large Power transformers (LPT)
    • 2.2.6. Medium Power Transformers
    • 2.2.7. Distribution transformers
    • 2.2.8. MV distribution transformer
    • 2.2.9. LV distribution transformers
    • 2.2.10. National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
    • 2.2.11. CEE- Consortium for Energy Efficiency
    • 2.2.12. MEPS Standards

3. EUROPEAN TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • 3.1. REGIONAL MARKET
    • 3.1.1. Regional Overview of the European utility system
    • 3.1.2. High efficiency transformers
    • 3.1.3. European utility crisis
    • 3.1.4. Market Drivers
    • 3.1.5. MEPS Standards
    • 3.1.6. European manufacturing industry review
  • 3.2. FRANCE
    • 3.2.1. Transformer stock
    • 3.2.2. Market drivers
    • 3.2.3. Market leaders - Alstom, Schneider, development in France
  • 3.3. GERMANY
    • 3.3.1. Transformer stock
    • 3.3.2. Market drivers
    • 3.3.3. Market leader - Siemens
    • 3.3.4. German utility crisis
    • 3.3.5. Transformer manufacturers
  • 3.4. ITALY
    • 3.4.1. Transformer stock
    • 3.4.2. Market drivers
    • 3.4.3. Transformer manufacturers
  • 3.5. SPAIN
    • 3.5.1. Transformer stock
    • 3.5.2. Market drivers
    • 3.5.3. Transformer manufacturers
  • 3.6. UNITED KINGDOM
    • 3.6.1. Transformer stock
    • 3.6.2. Market drivers
    • 3.6.3. Transformer manufacturers
  • 3.7. TURKEY
    • 3.7.1. Transformer stock
    • 3.7.2. Market drivers
    • 3.7.3. Transformer manufacturers

4. CIS TRANSFORMER MARKET

  • 4.1. RUSSIA
    • 4.1.1. Transformer stock
    • 4.1.2. Market drivers
    • 4.1.3. Transformer manufacturers

5. MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA TRANSFORMER MARKETS

6. ASIA PACIFIC TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • 6.1. REGIONAL OVERVIEW
  • 6.2. CHINA
    • 6.2.1. Transformer stock
    • 6.2.2. Market drivers
    • 6.2.3. MEPS Standards
    • 6.2.4. Manufacturing industry review
  • 6.3. JAPAN
    • 6.3.1. Transformer stock
    • 6.3.2. Market drivers
    • 6.3.3. MEPS Standards
    • 6.3.4. Transformer manufacturers
    • 6.3.5. Overseas production
  • 6.7. INDIA
    • 6.7.1. Transformer stock
    • 6.7.2. Market drivers
    • 6.7.3. MEPS Standards
    • 6.7.4. Manufacturing industry review
  • 6.8.KOREA
    • 6.8.1. Transformer stock
    • 6.8.2. Market drivers
    • 6.8.3. Transformer manufacturers
  • 6.9. TAIWAN
    • 6.9.1. Transformer stock
    • 6.9.2. Market drivers
    • 6.9.3. Transformer manufacturers

7. LAC

  • 7.1. BRAZIL
    • 7.1.1. Transformer stock
    • 7.1.2. Market drivers
    • 7.1.3. Manufacturing industry review
  • 7.2. MEXICO
    • 7.2.1. Transformer stock
    • 7.2.2. Market drivers
    • 7.2.3. MEPS Standards
    • 7.2.4. Transformer manufacturers

8. TRANSFORMER DEMAND AT EX-FACTORY AND INSTALLED COST

  • 8.1. GLOBAL DEMAND
  • 8.2. NORTH AMERICA
  • 8.3 EUROPE AND CIS
  • 8.4. MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA
  • 8.5. LAC
  • 8.6. ASIA PACIFIC

9. TRANSFORMER DEMAND IN MVA CAPACITY

  • 9.1. GLOBAL DMAND
  • 9.2. NORTH AMERICA
  • 9.3. EUROPE AND CIS
  • 9.4. MIDDLE EAST
  • 9.5. AFRICA
  • 9.6. 8ASIA PACIFIC
  • 9.7. LAC

10. UTILITY, GSU & INDUSTRIAL POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER INSTALLED CAPACITY, NUMBERS AND AVERAGE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER KVA PER UNIT

11. NETWORK TRANSFORMER LAYOUT

  • 11.1. THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS
    • 11.1.1. Stage 1
    • 1.1.2. Stage 2
    • 11.1.3. Stage 3
    • 11.1.4. Stage 4
    • 11.1.5. Network Configurations for distribution - Radial, Loop and Network systems
    • 11.1.6. INDUSTRY
  • 11.2. Review of regional utility network practices
    • 11.2.1. The link from medium voltage to low voltage
    • 11.2.2. North America
    • 11.2.3. Japan
    • 11.2.4. Europe
  • 11.3. Types of Transformer
    • 11.3.1. Liquid dielectric transformers
    • 11.3.2. Dry type transformers
    • 11.3.3. Gas filled transformers
  • 11.4. Evolution of power transformers by size and capacity
  • 11.5. Ownership of power and distribution transformers
  • 11.6. Ownership of GSU transformers

12. THE LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLE 1900-2050

  • 12.1. INSTALLED CAPACITY
  • 12.2. INSTALLED CAPCITY VERSUS DEMAND
  • 12.3. The China Factor
  • 12.4. Regional trends- New versus replacement

13. TRANSFORMER : GENERATOR CAPACITY RATIOS - MVA : MW

14. N-1 STANDARD, N-2 AND 2N, REDUNDANCY AND REPLACEMENT

  • 14.1. NETWORK FAILURE
  • 14.2. TRANSFORMER FAILURE
    • 14.2.1. Transformer age
    • 14.2.2. Tap changer
    • 14.2.3. Windings
    • 14.2.4. Core
    • 14.2.5. Tank
    • 14.2.6. Solid insulation
    • 14.2.7. Cooler
    • 14.2.8. Oil insulation
    • 14.2.9. Bushings
  • 14.3. INDUSTRIAL RELIABILITY
  • 14.4. NETWORK RELIABILITY
    • 14.4.1. N-1 AND THE NETWORKS
    • 14.4.2. Electricity distribution
    • 14.4.3. Electricity transmission
    • 14.4.4. Massive size of a power transformer
  • 14.5. TRANSFORMER/GENERATOR RATIOS AND REDUNDANCY
    • 14.5.1. Generation
    • 14.5.2. Transmission
    • 14.5.3. Distribution

15. PRICE TRENDS AND FACTORS DRIVING TRANSFORMER PRICES

  • 15.1. PPI - PRODUCER PRICE INDEX
    • 15.1.1. USA
    • 15.1.2. EU
    • 15.1.3. China
    • 15.1.4. Japan
    • 15.1.5.Korea
  • 15.2. DEMAND FOR TRANSFORMERS - MARKET AND INDUSTRY TRENDS
    • 15.2.1. Utilities
  • 15.3. PRODUCTION CAPACITY
    • 15.3.1. Production capacity of raw materials
    • 15.3.2. Production capacity of manufactured equipment
  • 15.4.MANUFACTURING INPUT COST COMPOSITION
    • 15.4.1. Composition of manufacturing inputs
  • 15.5. INPUT COSTS - RAW MATERIALS
    • 15.5.1. Metal consumption
    • 15.5.2. Steel
    • 15.5.3. Electrical Steel
    • 15.5.4. The electrical steel market
    • 15.5.5. Anti-dumping Measures
    • 15.5.6. Electrical steel producers
  • 15.6. Copper and Aluminium
    • 15.6.1. Copper
    • 15.6.2. Aluminium
  • 15.7. Transformer oil
  • 15.8. INPUT COSTS - LABOUR
  • 15.9. INPUT COSTS - ENERGY
  • 15.10. ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CLIMATE
    • 15.10.1. Overview
    • 15.10.2. Inflation and debt outlook

16. THE POINT OF CONNECTION, CENTRAL AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND VOLTAGE

  • 16.1. TRENDS IN THE GENERATION MIX
    • 16.1.1. The impact of generation developments on transformation technology
  • 16.3. Decentralised power
    • 16.3.1. Czech Republic
    • 16.3.2. Germany
    • 16.3.3. Italy
    • 16.3.4. Spain
    • 16.3.5. United States

17. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND HIGH EFFICIENCY TRANSFORMERS

  • 17.1. MEPS (Minimum Energy Performance Standards)
    • 17.1.1. United States
    • 17.1.2. Canada
    • 17.1.3. Mexico
    • 17.1.4. European Union
    • 17.1.5. Australia
    • 17.1.6. Japan
    • 17.1.7. China
    • 17.1.8. India
  • 17.2. DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW TECHNOLOGY - AMORPHOUS CORE TRANSFORMERS
    • 17.2.1. The market for AMTs
    • 17.2.2. Amorphous metal ribbon manufacturers
      • 17.2.2.1. Japan
      • 17.2.2.2. China
      • 17.2.2.3. India
      • 17.2.2.4. Taiwan
      • 17.2.2.5. Other
  • 17.3. HTS -HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTOR TRANSFORMERS

18. TRANSFORMER PRODUCTION CAPACITY

  • 18.1. MANUFACTURING CAPACITY, GLOBAL AND BY REGION
    • 18.1.1. North America (United States, Canada & Mexico)
    • 18.1.2. Mexico
    • 18.1.3. Latin America (excluding Mexico)
    • 18.1.4. China
    • 18.1.5. India
    • 18.1.6. Korea
    • 18.1.7. Europe
    • 18.1.8. CIS
    • 18.1.9. Africa
  • 18.2. Global balance of production capacity and demand

19. LOGISTICS

  • 19.1. Rail transport
  • 19.2. Road transport
  • 19.3. Alternative solutions

20. ELECTRIFICATION

  • 20.1. Regional growth characteristics
  • 20.2. Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 20.3. Asia
  • 20.4. MENA
  • 20.5. Latin America
  • 20.6. Europe
  • 20.7. CIS
  • 20.8. North America
  • 20.9. THE IMPACT OF ELECTRIFICATION ON THE ELECTRICAL SUPPLY INDUSTRY

21. METHODOLOGY

  • 21.1. SHORT TERM DEMAND FORECAST
  • 21.2. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLE
    • 21.2.1. Demand cycles and the market
    • 21.2.2. StatPlan Energy Databases

Figures

  • Figure 1: Real and nominal % growth in the transformer market, by region, from 2014 to 2020
  • Figure 2: Ratio of distribution transformers to generating capacity, installed base 1960 to2015
  • Figure 3: Utility investment I transmission and distribution, 1977 to 2015, nominal $
  • Figure 4: Imports of power transformers (Oil filled ? 10 MVA), into the United States from
  • Figure 5: Market capitalisation of seleced European utilities
  • Figure 6: RWE Profit and loss
  • Figure 7: Investment as a % of GDP, selected countries and economic groupings, 1980-2020
  • Figure 8: The UK Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution System
  • Figure 9: Evolution of transformers in voltage kV and capacity MVA
  • Figure 10: Proportion of capacity (MVA) generator, utility and private industry ownership of
  • Figure 11: Installed capacity of power and distribution transformers, GVA, 1900 - 2050
  • Figure 12: Global installed transformation capacity and demand 1900 - 2050, GVA
  • Figure 13: The cycle of demand, new and replacement capacity, 1900 - 2050, GVA.
  • Figure 14: Installed power transformer capacity and annual demand, 1900 - 2050, VA.G
  • Figure 15: Installed distribution transformer capacity and annual demand, 1900 - 2050, GVA.
  • Figure 16: Global utility transformation capacity installed base, GVA, 1900 - 2050
  • Figure 17: Annual transformer demand, excluding China, 1900 - 2050
  • Figure 18: Annual transformer demand including China, 1900 - 2050
  • Figure 19: Regional variations, new versus replacement capacity, 1950 - 2050, by region
  • Figure 20: Power, distribution and speciality transformers Producer Price Index, USA, 2005=100, 1998-2015
  • Figure 21: Europe Producer Price Index for industrial manufactures 2012 to 2015
  • Figure 22: China Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2005 to 2015
  • Figure 23: Japan Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2005 to 2015
  • Figure 24: Korea Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2012 to 2015
  • Figure 25: Average annual investment in T&D infrastructure
  • Figure 26: Costs of manufacturing an oil filled- transformer
  • Figure 27: World metal consumption (Total of aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin and zinc)
  • Figure 28: Prices of copper and aluminium 1960-2014
  • Figure 29: Copper prices 2007-2013
  • Figure 30: Aluminium prices
  • Figure 31: Labour compensation cost, including direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labour-related taxes (US = 100).
  • Figure 32: Labour costs including wages and salaries, social insurance and labour-related taxes
  • Figure 33: Minimum wages in China in yuan per month 1995 to 2012
  • Figure 34: Wage inflation in China versus the US, India and Mexico, 2005 to2012
  • Figure 35: Global energy cost index (2010 = 100)
  • Figure 36: Total growth of GDPs between 2008 and Q3 2014, the period encompassing the financial crisis, recession and recovery
  • Figure 37: Inflation 2005 to 2015
  • Figure 38: Global generating capacity mix, 1990 - 2050
  • Figure 39: Global generating capacity mix by energy source, 1990 - 2050
  • Figure 40: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990 - 2013
  • Figure 41: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990 - 2013
  • Figure 42: Two Schnabel cars unloaded
  • Figure 43: Schnabel car with load
  • Figure 44: The largest load ever transported by road in the United Kingdom
  • Figure 45: Overhead obstructions
  • Figure 46: Transformer off the road
  • Figure 47: Share of people without electricity access for developing countries
  • Figure 48: World electrification - % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 49: World electrification - number and % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 50: Selected major countries - % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 51: Selected major countries - Number of households with electricity, 1900-2050
  • Figure 52: Additions of electrified households in each decade by region, 2010 to 2050
  • Figure 53: Regional totals of electrified households 2010 to 2050
  • Figure 54: Diagram of new plus total replacement capacity

Tables

  • Table 1: World, total transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 2: World, generator transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 3: World, power network transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 4: World, distribution transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 5: North America, total transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 6: North America, generator transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 7: North America, power network transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 8: North America, distribution transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 9: US power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 10: Detailed shipment data for power and distribution transformers in the US, 2009
  • Table 11: Market shares of Power Transformer Producers in the United States
  • Table 12: Europe, total transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 13: Europe, generator transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 14: Europe, power network transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 15: Europe, distribution transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 16: French power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 17: German power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 18: Italian power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 19: Spanish power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 20: UK power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 21: Turkish power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 22: Russian power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 23: MENA, total transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 24: MENA, generator transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 25: MENA, power transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 26: MENA, distribution transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 27: Asia Pacific, total transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 28: Asia Pacific, generator transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 29: Asia Pacific, power network transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 30: Asia Pacific, distribution transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 31: Chinese power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 32: Japanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 33: Transformer manufacturers in Japan
  • Table 34: Indian power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 35: Transformer manufacturers in India
  • Table 36: Korean power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 37: Taiwanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 38: LAC, total transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 39: LAC, generator transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 40: LAC, power network transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 41: LAC, distribution transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2014-2020, $ nominal million
  • Table 42: Brazilian power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 43: Mexican power and distribution transformer stock, 2014
  • Table 44: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost, World, 2014, $ million
  • Table 45: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost, North America, 2014, $ million
  • Table 46: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost, Europe and CIS, 2014, $ million
  • Table 47: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost, Middle East and Africa, 2014, $ million
  • Table 48: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost, LAC, 2014, $ million
  • Table 49: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost, Asia Pacific, 2014, $ million
  • Table 50: Annual demand for power and distribution transformers, MVA, World, 2014-2020
  • Table 51: Annual demand for power and distribution transformers, MVA, North America, 2014-2020
  • Table 52: Annual demand for power transformers, MVA, North America 2014,-2020
  • Table 53: Annual demand for distribution transformers, MVA, North America, 2014-2020
  • Table 54: Annual demand for power and distribution transformers, MVA, Europe and CIS, 2014-2020
  • Table 55: Annual demand for power transformers, MVA, Europe and CIS, 2014,-2020
  • Table 56: Annual demand for distribution transformers, MVA, Europe and CIS, 2014-2020
  • Table 57: Annual demand for power and distribution transformers, MVA, Middle East, 2014-2020
  • Table 58: Annual demand for power transformers, MVA, Middle East, 2014,-2020
  • Table 59: Annual demand for distribution transformers, MVA, Middle East, 2014-2020
  • Table 60: Annual demand for power and distribution transformers, MVA, Africa, 2014-2020
  • Table 61: Annual demand for power transformers, MVA, Africa, 2014,-2020
  • Table 62: Annual demand for distribution transformers, MVA, Africa, 2014-2020
  • Table 63: Annual demand for power and distribution transformers, MVA, Asia Pacific, 2014-2020
  • Table 64: Annual demand for power transformers, MVA, Asia Pacific, 2014,-2020
  • Table 65: Annual demand for distribution transformers, MVA, Asia Pacific, 2014-2020
  • Table 66: Annual demand for power and distribution transformers, MVA, LAC, 2014-2020
  • Table 67: Annual demand for power transformers, MVA, LAC, 2014,-2020
  • Table 68: Annual demand for distribution transformers, MVA, LAC, 2014-2020
  • Table 69: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, World
  • Table 70: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, World
  • Table 71: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, North America
  • Table 72: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership North America
  • Table 73: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Europe
  • Table 74: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Europe
  • Table 75: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, CIS
  • Table 76: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, CIS
  • Table 77: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Middle East
  • Table 78: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Middle East
  • Table 79: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Asia Pacific
  • Table 80: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Asia Pacific
  • Table 81: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Africa
  • Table 82: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership Africa
  • Table 83: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, LAC
  • Table 84: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, LAC
  • Table 85: Average numbers of household consumers per DT
  • Table 86: Number of LV consumers, number of distribution transformers and average LV customers per transformer in selected countries
  • Table 87: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), World
  • Table 88: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Europe
  • Table 89: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), CIS
  • Table 90: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Middle East
  • Table 91: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Africa
  • Table 92: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Asia Pacific
  • Table 93: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), North America
  • Table 94: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Latin America
  • Table 95: Electrical steel producers by country and production in 2009
  • Table 96: Voltage level of for connection to the grid, German rules
  • Table 97: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Czech Republic, 2012
  • Table 98: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Germany, 2012
  • Table 99: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Italy, 2012
  • Table 100: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Spain, 2012
  • Table 101: Network losses by region
  • Table 102: Manufacturers of energy efficient transformers in China, 2013
  • Table 103: Global manufacturers- production capacity power and distribution transformers, 2013
  • Table 104: China, domestic manufacturers- production capacity power and distribution transformers, 2013
  • Table 105: India, manufacturers- production capacity power and distribution transformers, 2013
  • Table 106: CIS, manufacturers- production capacity power and distribution transformers, 2013
  • Table 107: Population and electrical parameters of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa
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