PUBLISHER: Mordor Intelligence Pvt Ltd | PRODUCT CODE: 1202665
PUBLISHER: Mordor Intelligence Pvt Ltd | PRODUCT CODE: 1202665
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The South American automotive market is anticipated to grow with a CAGR of less than 5% in the forecast period (2022-2027).
South America, a region with countries with the influence of bad national politics, lack of proper education in some sub-regions, and poverty prevailing in some countries, was severely hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, South America is facing high unemployment, which has lowered purchasing power, and COVID-19 and vaccination delays have resulted in a prognosis of poorer economic growth, affecting all sectors, including the automotive industry. As the region's automotive industry relies on imports and exports for revenue generation considerably, it saw a dip in its finances. However, with the lockdown relaxation, the industry is looking to get back up the ladder, moving toward more sustainability.
Hence, with the situation easing and investments in the industry, the market is expected to grow in the upcoming years.
The passenger car market in South America witnessed considerable numbers in 2021 despite the pandemic. Although the numbers indicate a dip of more than 100% in the sales of all types of vehicles in all the countries of the region combined in 2021, considering the pandemic and the pace at which the economy is set to bounce back, the region being a hotspot for potential investors from all over the world, the industry is expected to recover with good numbers in the coming quarters.
The automotive industry grew steadily, with total sales reaching 1.39 million units throughout the region's nine main markets.
The Brazilian automotive industry's output fell consistently following the economic recession that affected production and sales. However, the industry is now gathering momentum due to the improvement of the economic indexes directly influencing consumer confidence and increased credit availability to support the country's light-vehicle market and strong export demand from the South American countries.
Brazil saw a significant drop in yearly car production for FY 2020. Furthermore, sales were down 26.6 % and 28.2 % during the same period, respectively. Lockdowns and other preventative measures imposed by the government have had a significant impact on the passenger automobile industry in Latin America. However, the market has rebounded significantly following the relaxing government sanctions and the reopening of production houses in Q2 FY21. The market has re-entered a growth phase and appears promising for the projection term. In 2021, about 1.97 million light vehicles were sold in the country, which is about 2% more than in 2020. Owing to the slow rise in demand, the number of vehicles sold is expected to increase in the upcoming years.
Similarly, in Argentina, more than 350,000 vehicles were sold in 2021, up by 10% compared to 2020 figures. Comparing the number of light vehicles sold in Chile in June 2021, there is an increase of more than 70%. In June 2020, more than 8,000 vehicles were sold in the country, increasing to over 35,000 units.
With the industry moving toward a more sustainable production, the research being carried into the electrification of automotive looks promising because the region is a hot investment zone, owing to the growing nature of the market, which can bring in a lot of money and improve the market conditions.
Electric vehicles (EVs) have grown in popularity in the South American region over the last few years due to the necessity to meet future energy and emission demands. The need for environmentally friendly transportation is a major driver of the electric vehicle segment of the market studies. The electric vehicle market is growing as an important part of the South American automotive industry, and it promises a path to increased energy efficiency while lowering pollution and other greenhouse gas emissions.
Owing to the stringent exhaust emission norms imposed and the incentives provided by several governments in the region are the prime drivers of sales in the countries in South America. For instance, in 2020, in Brazil, despite the lockdown and the restriction, the registration of electric vehicles increased by 40% compared to 2019. However, in 2021, the change was even more significant, with almost 35,000 new registrations, 43.5% more than in 2020.
Because of the growing demand for electric vehicles in Brazil, several players in the market are investing in starting a manufacturing plant in the country. For instance, in June 2021, In Resende, Brazil, Volkswagen Caminhoes e-omnibus (VWCO) began serial manufacture of e-Delivery electric trucks.
Similarly, the demand for low-emission vehicles, such as battery electric automobiles and hybrid electric vehicles, is constantly increasing in Argentina. In 2021, for instance, the country sold 5,871 low-emission vehicles, representing a 148% increase from the 3,488 electric vehicles sold in 2020. So, in March 2022, Shell exclaimed to install its first charging station network in the county to cater to the demand for electric vehicles.
Governments of many countries in the region are also pushing incentives to boost the sales of electric vehicles. For instance, in March 2022, Chile published its national electric mobility strategy to transform the transportation sector over the next decade. One of these incentives offers tax discounts on annual car usage on electric vehicles. For the first two years, the tax is completely waived off, after which for the next 3-4 years, the government will offer a discount of 75%, 50% discount for the next 5-6 years, and a 25% reduction on following 7-8 years.
With the increase in government awareness of converting to sustainable energy and many electric vehicle manufacturers expanding their business in the country, the electric vehicle segment of the South America Automotive Market is expected to witness growth in the following years.
A few major manufacturers in the South American automotive market include Stallantis, General Motors, Toyota Motor Corporation, Nissan Group, and Volkswagen AG. Between 2020 and 2021, Toyota led the market with more than 73,000 units of new registrations, followed by Volkswagen with 55,000.