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Market Research Report

Romania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Published by BuddeComm Product code 973891
Published Content info 193 Pages
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Romania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses
Published: November 4, 2020 Content info: 193 Pages
Description

Romania delays multi-band 5G auction to 2021

Romania's telecoms market continues to evolve under the dynamics of competition and technological change. Alternative operators have launched competing services in the fixed-line voice market, with the provision of bundled services being a key driver. The acquisition of Liberty Global's local unit UPC Romania by Vodafone Group in July 2019 has allowed Vodafone Romania to compete more effectively with the service offerings from Orange Romania and Telekom Romania. To become more competitive in the market, Orange Romania in late 2020 signed an agreement in principle to acquire Telekom Romania from Deutsche Telekom, though Telekom Romania's mobile assets could be sold separately in a bid to avoid scrutiny from competition authorities.

The mobile market is served by four network operators, three of which are the local subsidiaries of the major regional players Vodafone Group, Orange Group and Deutsche Telekom. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services and led to the launch of services based on 5G. However, 5G services are not optimum since the MNOs have yet to secure sufficient spectrum following several auction delays.

Romania's broadband market benefits from effective infrastructure-based competition. The country's fibre sector has become one of the strongest in Europe in recent years, with a rapidly growing share of the fixed-line broadband market by subscriber lines. As a result, the country has one of the highest FttP penetration rates in the region, with 72.4% of connections offering data above 100Mb/s by early 2020. Operators including Orange Romania have built their own fibre infrastructure to gain independence from Telekom Romania's wholesale access service.

This report provides an overview of Romania's fast-developing telecommunications market, covering regulatory developments, major players and fixed-line infrastructure, and offering a variety of operational and financial statistics as well as a range of subscriber forecasts. The report also covers the mobile voice and data markets, including profiles of the major operators, updates on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments. In addition, the report provides insights into the growing broadband market, covering technologies, the major players and market developments.

Key developments:

  • Multi-spectrum auction delayed to early 2021;Orange Romania begins building its own fibre network;
  • Orange Romania covers all of Bucharest with 5G, providing data at up to 1.2Gb/s;
  • Regulator reduces fixed termination rates 30%, effective from November 2020;
  • Orange Romania and Vodafone Romania extend 2.3GHz licenses to end-2031;
  • Regulator fines the MNOs for failing to provide sufficient mobile voice coverage as per their licence obligations;
  • Cost of 5G licences reduced;
  • Government scraps SIM card registration scheme over privacy concerns;
  • Vodafone Romania trials NB-IoT;
  • UPC Romania is rebranded under the Vodafone banner;
  • About three-quarters of fixed broadband connections accessing 100Mb/s or above;
  • Deutsche Telekom secures approval for sale of stake in Telekom Romania;
  • Report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2019, State Statistics data for 2019, telcos' operating and financial data to Q3 2020, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

UPC Romania, RCS&RDS, Telekom Romania, Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Digi Mobil.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Key statistics

Covid-19 and its impact on the telecom sector

  • Economic considerations and responses
  • Mobile devices
  • Subscribers
  • Infrastructure

Regional European Market Comparison

  • Europe Telecom Maturity Index by tier
    • Market Leaders
    • Market Challengers
    • Market Emergents
  • TMI versus GDP
  • Mobile and mobile broadband penetration
  • Fixed versus mobile broadband penetration

Telecommunications market

  • Overview and statistics

Regulatory environment

  • Historic overview
  • Regulatory authority
  • Fixed-line developments
    • Telecom sector liberalisation
    • Privatisation
    • Access
    • Interconnect
    • Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection
    • Number Portability (NP)
  • Mobile network developments
    • Licensing
    • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
    • Roaming
    • Network sharing
    • SIM card registration

Mobile market

  • Market analysis
  • Mobile statistics
    • General statistics
  • Mobile infrastructure
    • Analogue networks
    • 5G
    • 4G (LTE)
    • 3G
    • Other infrastructure developments
  • Mobile voice
  • Mobile data
    • SMS and MMS
  • Mobile broadband
  • Major mobile operators
    • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
  • Mobile content and applications

Fixed-line broadband market

  • Introduction and statistical overview
    • Market analysis
    • Government programs
    • Broadband statistics
  • Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
  • Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
  • Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
  • Other fixed broadband services
    • Local Area Networks (LANs)
    • Fixed wireless

Digital economy

  • E-government
    • Infrastructure
  • E-health

Fixed network operators

  • Introduction
  • Telekom Romania

Telecommunications infrastructure

  • Overview of the national telecom network
    • Telekom Romani
    • Alternative operators
  • International infrastructure
  • Wholesale
  • Smart infrastructure

Appendix - Historic data

Glossary of abbreviations

Related reports

List of Tables

  • Table 1 - Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Romania - 2020 (e)
  • Table 2 - Increase in telecom market revenue - 2013 - 2019
  • Table 3 - Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type - 2016 - 2019
  • Table 4 - Change in retail and wholesale fixed-line market revenue (RON million) - 2014 - 2019
  • Table 5 - Decline in average monthly fixed-line revenue by subscriber and household (RON / month ) - 2016 - 2019
  • Table 6 - Decline in fixed-line traffic by type (billion minutes) - 2009 - 2019
  • Table 7 - CS and CPS providers, fixed network - 2008 - 2018
  • Table 8 - Change in the number of annual fixed number portings - 2008 - 2019
  • Table 9 - Multi-spectrum auction results - 2012
  • Table 10 - Multi-spectrum auction results - spectrum allocation - 2012
  • Table 11 - Increase in the number of annual mobile number portings - 2008 - 2019
  • Table 12 - Increase in international voice roaming traffic - 2012 - 2019
  • Table 13 - Increase in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 14 - Development of mobile market revenue (RON billion) - 2013 - 2019
  • Table 15 - Change in the average monthly mobile revenue by subscriber and household (RON / month) - 2016 - 2019
  • Table 16 - Decline in the proportion of prepaid to active postpaid subscribers - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 17 - Decline in the number of prepaid cards in service (million) - 2009 - 2019
  • Table 18 - Change in the number of Vodafone Romania's prepaid subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 19 - Decline in the number of Telekom Romania's prepaid subscribers - 2008 - 2020
  • Table 20 - Overview of provider services by technology - 2019
  • Table 21 - Increase in mobile network (terminated) traffic - 2009 - 2019
  • Table 22 - Change in the volume of MMS messages sent - 2008 - 2019
  • Table 23 - Change in the volume of SMS messages sent - 2008 - 2019
  • Table 24 - SMS messages sent per subscriber - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 25 - Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 26 - Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology (million) - 2012 - 2019
  • Table 27 - Change in the proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology - 2015 - 2019
  • Table 28 - Change in the number of mobile internet connections via cards/USB - 2008 - 2019
  • Table 29 - Mobile broadband traffic - 2011 - 2019
  • Table 30 - Change in mobile broadband penetration by connection type - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 31 - Development of Vodafone Romania's mobile subscriber base- 2010 - 2020
  • Table 32 - Increase in Vodafone Romania's mobile data traffic - 2012 - 2020
  • Table 33 - Drop in Vodafone Romania's mobile ARPU (€) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 34 - Development of Vodafone Romania's mobile service revenue - 2013 - 2020
  • Table 35 - Decline in Orange Romania's mobile subscriber base - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 36 - Development of Orange Romania's revenue (€ million) - 2009 - 2020
  • Table 37 - Change in Telekom Romania's mobile financial data (€ million) - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 38 - Change in Telekom Romania's mobile financial data by quarter (€ million) - 2016 - 2020
  • Table 39 - Decline in Telekom Romania's mobile subscriber base - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 40 - Telekom Romania's mobile ARPU - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 41 - Development of Digi's subscribers by type - 2013 - 2020
  • Table 42 - Growth in Digi's revenue, by type (€ million ) - 2012 - 2020
  • Table 43 - Development of Digi's annualised mobile ARPU - 2016 - 2020
  • Table 44 - Development of fixed broadband population penetration, urban and rural - 2011 - 2018
  • Table 45 - Development of fixed broadband household penetration, urban and rural - 2011 - 2018
  • Table 46 - Growth in fixed broadband data traffic - 2012 - 2019
  • Table 47 - Change in the number of fixed broadband providers by access type - 2008 - 2019
  • Table 48 - Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by access type (thousand) - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 49 - Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 50 - Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers, and penetration rate - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 51 - Increase in internet revenue (fixed and mobile) - 2013 - 2019
  • Table 52 - Increase in average monthly internet revenue (RON / month) - 2016 - 2019
  • Table 53 - Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed - 2011 - 2019
  • Table 54 - Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) - 2011 - 2019
  • Table 55 - Growth in Vodafone Romania's broadband subscriber base - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 56 - Vodafone Romania fixed broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2020
  • Table 57 - Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 58 - Increase in the number of Orange Romania's broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 59 - Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 60 - Change in the number of Telecom Romania's broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 61 - Change in the number of fibre broadband subscribers by type - 2011 - 2019
  • Table 62 - Change in the proportion of fibre broadband subscribers by type - 2011 - 2019
  • Table 63 - Increase in the number of Wi-Fi hotspot locations - 2008 - 2019
  • Table 64 - Decline in Telekom Romania's share of fixed lines in service - 2009 - 2019
  • Table 65 - Decline in the number of fixed-lines in service, by operator (million lines) - 2009 - 2019
  • Table 66 - Decline in the number of fixed-line subscribers - 2009 - 2019
  • Table 67 - Decline in Telekom Romania's fixed-line revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 68 - Change in the number of Telekom Romania's subscribers by type - 2010 - 2020
  • Table 69 - Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2025
  • Table 70 - Increase in international internet bandwidth - 2010 - 2019
  • Table 71 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) - 2000 - 2009
  • Table 72 - Historic - International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2009
  • Table 73 - Historic - CS and CPS lines - 2008 - 2017
  • Table 74 - Historic - Telekom Romania's fixed-line telephony subscriber base - 2006 - 2009
  • Table 75 - Historic - Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate - 1997 - 2009
  • Table 76 - Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2009
  • Table 77 - Historic - Mobile market investment - 2005 - 2012
  • Table 78 - Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2009
  • Table 79 - Historic - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2002 - 2009
  • Table 80 - Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration - 1999 - 2015
  • Table 81 - Historic - Cable broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2009
  • Table 82 - Historic - DSL broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2009
  • Table 83 - Historic - Fixed wireless broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2017

List of Charts

  • Chart 1 - Europe Telecoms Maturity Index - Market Leaders (top tier)
  • Chart 2 - Europe Telecoms Maturity Index - Market Challengers (middle tier)
  • Chart 3 - Europe Telecoms Maturity Index - Market Emergents (bottom tier)
  • Chart 4 - Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
  • Chart 5 - Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 6 - Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 7 - Northern Europe -mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 8 - Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 9 - Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 10 - Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 11 - Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 12 - Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 13 - Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
  • Chart 14 - Increase in telecom market revenue - 2013 - 2019
  • Chart 15 - Change in the share of telecom market revenue by type - 2016 - 2019
  • Chart 16 - Change in retail and wholesale fixed-line market revenue - 2014 - 2019
  • Chart 17 - Decline in average monthly fixed-line revenue by subscriber and household - 2016 - 2019
  • Chart 18 - Decline in fixed-line traffic by type - 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 19 - Change in the number of annual fixed number portings - 2008 - 2019
  • Chart 20 - Increase in the number of annual mobile number portings - 2008 - 2019
  • Chart 21 - Increase in international voice roaming traffic - 2012 - 2019
  • Chart 22 - Increase in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 23 - Development of mobile market revenue - 2013 - 2019
  • Chart 24 - Average monthly mobile revenue by subscriber and household - 2016 - 2019
  • Chart 25 - Decline in the proportion of prepaid to active postpaid subscribers - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 26 - Decline in the number of prepaid cards in service - 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 27 - Change in the number of Vodafone Romania's prepaid subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 28 - Decline in the number of Telekom Vodafone Romania's prepaid subscribers - 2008 - 2020
  • Chart 29 - Increase in mobile network (terminated) traffic - 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 30 - Change in the volume of MMS messages sent - 2008 - 2019
  • Chart 31 - Change in the volume of SMS messages sent - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 32 - Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 33 - Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology (million) - 2012 - 2019
  • Chart 34 - Change in the proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology - 2015 - 2019
  • Chart 35 - Change in the number of mobile internet connections via cards/USB - 2008 - 2019
  • Chart 36 - Change in mobile broadband penetration by connection type - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 37 - Development of Vodafone Romania's mobile subscriber base- 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 38 - Increase in Vodafone Romania's mobile data traffic - 2012 - 2020
  • Chart 39 - Drop in Vodafone Romania's mobile ARPU - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 40 - Development of Vodafone Romania's mobile service revenue - 2013 - 2020
  • Chart 41 - Decline in Orange Romania's mobile subscriber base - 2010- 2020
  • Chart 42 - Development of Orange Romania's revenue (€ million) - 2009 - 2020
  • Chart 43 - Change in Telekom Romania's mobile financial data - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 44 - Change in Telekom Romania's mobile financial data by quarter - 2016 - 2020
  • Chart 45 - Decline in Telekom Romania's mobile subscriber base - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 46 - Development of Digi's subscribers by type - 2013 - 2020
  • Chart 47 - Growth in Digi's revenue, by type - 2012 - 2020
  • Chart 48 - Development of fixed broadband population penetration, urban and rural - 2011 - 2018
  • Chart 49 - Development of fixed broadband household penetration, urban and rural - 2011 - 2018
  • Chart 50 - Growth in fixed broadband data traffic - 2012 - 2019
  • Chart 51 - Change in the number of fixed broadband providers by access type - 2008 - 2019
  • Chart 52 - Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by access type - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 53 - Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 54 - Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers, and penetration rate - 2010 - 2025
  • Chart 55 - Increase in average monthly internet revenue (RON / month) - 2016 - 2019
  • Chart 56 - Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (thousand) - 2011 - 2019
  • Chart 57 - Change in the proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) - 2011 - 2019
  • Chart 58 - Growth in Vodafone Romania's broadband subscriber base - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 59 - Change in the number of cable broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2019
  • Chart 60 - Increase in the number of Orange Romania's broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 61 - Change in the number of DSL broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2018
  • Chart 62 - Change in the number of Telecom Romania's broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 63 - Change in the number of fibre broadband subscribers by type (thousand) - 2011 - 2019
  • Chart 64 - Change in the proportion of fibre broadband subscribers by type - 2011 - 2019
  • Chart 65 - Increase in the number of Wi-Fi hotspot locations - 2008 - 2019
  • Chart 66 - Decline in Telekom Romania's share of fixed lines in service - 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 67 - Decline in the number of fixed-lines in service, by operator - 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 68 - Decline in the number of fixed-line subscribers - 2009 - 2019
  • Chart 69 - Decline in Telekom Romania's fixed-line revenue - 2010 - 2020
  • Chart 70 - Change in the number of Telekom Romania's subscribers by type - 2011 - 2020
  • Chart 71 - Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2025

List of Exhibits

  • Exhibit 1 - Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
  • Exhibit 2 - Access, the local loop and unbundling - an overview
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